Институт Конфуция - образовательный центр или инструмент пропаганды?
Due to China’s growing efforts aimed at spreading of Chinese culture all over the world and intense work on constructing favorable image of the country abroad Confucius Institutes have come underincreasing scrutiny. The main declared aim of the organization is to accommodate foreigners in learning Chinese language. However controversies that have accompanied its international expansion push scholars to study this instrument of China’s public diplomacy in depth. The article analyses work of Confucius Institute at Saint-Petersburg state university focusing on critics of its work and discussing disputable moments. The author concludes host universities can benefit from Confucius Institutes.
This article examines the history of the third trip of the Spanish poet Rafael Alberti in the Soviet Union, held in 1937, and of his meeting with Stalin. Archival documents provide insight into the reasons that led the poet to take such a long journey. The study offers a new look at the pilgrimage of Western writers to the Soviet Union: Alberti himself was a skillful diplomat, and as representative of the Spanish Republic, managed to carry out his tasks and to achieve a positive decision of Moscow on the convening of the Second International Congress of Writers in Spain in 1937.
This article examines one of the first cases of political rupture in the history of Soviet cultural diplomacy, whose main character was a Romanian writer Panaït Istrati. After his stay in the Soviet Union in 1927-1928, Istrati returns to France and publishes interviews and book where he criticizes the USSR. In 1927 Soviet press constructs the image of Istrati as a revolutionary writer, whose works were very popular in the country, but in 1929 it changes drastically its attitude toward Istrati, accusing him now of fraud and cooperation with the secret services.
During the 1920s and 1930s thousands of European and American writers, professionals, scientists, and artists came to record their impressions of the "Soviet experiment". The interwar pilgrimage of these Western intellectuals and fellow-travelers remains one of the most notorious episodes in political and intellectual history. Showcasing the Great Experiment, incorporating far-reaching analysis of the declassified archival records of the agencies charged with crafting the international image of communism, brings this story into new focus as one of the great cross-cultural and trans-ideological encounters of the twentieth century. While many visitors were profoundly affected by their Soviet tours, so too was the Soviet system itself: the early experiences of building showcases and teaching outsiders to perceive the future-in-the-making constitute a neglected part of the emergence of Stalinism at home. This pioneering work of transnational history develops a new framework for understanding how and why many of the twentieth century's greatest writers and thinkers, including Henri Barbusse, Theodore Dreiser, Lion Feuchtwanger, and André Gide, among others, ardently defended Stalin's USSR despite the unprecedented violence of its prewar decade. Probing little-known, covert entanglements between far-left and far-right ideological extremes, the work pays special attention to Soviet attempts to recruit and cooperate with far-right nationalists, including German <"National Bolsheviks,>" fascist intellectuals, and even members of the Nazi Party. The Soviet preoccupation with molding Western public opinion resulted in an influential contribution to the history of modern cultural diplomacy. Setting the revolutionary regime's innovations against the context of the treatment of foreigners in Russia from Muscovy on, Showcasing the Great Experiment argues that interwar Soviet methods mobilizing the intelligentsia for the international ideological contest directly paved the way for the cultural Cold War.
Readership: Scholars and students of Russian and Soviet history; Slavists; historians with an interest in transnational and cross-cultural history; historians of international cultural history
The Consular Service of Russia in Mongolia (1861–1917)
This monograph is the first comprehensive work reconstructing a complete picture of the formation and functioning of the Russian consulates network in Mongolia before 1917. The author analyzes the role of the consular institutions in the protection of the interests of the Russian empire and the Russian diaspora in Mongolia, coordination and development of political, economic and socio-cultural relations between Russia, Mongolia and China. The research is based on a wide range of sources, primarily the archival materials which have not been introduced into scientific use. This book helps to specify the unique diplomatic contribution made by the imperial consulates to the implementation of the Russian Empire’s policy in the Far East, maintenance of regional security in East Asia, development of Mongolia and its rapprochement with Russia in the second half of the 19th and the early 20th century. The results of the author’s investigations open the new pages in the history of the Russian diplomacy and its foreign service and of the "Russian world" in Asia.
Esta publicación, de carácter académico, ofrece, de la mano de especialistas rusos y españoles, una visión de conjunto de la historia de las relaciones hispano-rusas —diplomáticas, económicas y científi co-culturales—. En sus páginas, se presta particular atención a las cuestiones relacionadas con la recepción cultural, al análisis de los paralelismos creativos en España y Rusia, a la historia del pensamiento, y a los temas artísticos. La edición es bilingüe y está dirigida tanto a especialistas del ámbito de las ciencias humanas y sociales, como a todos aquellos lectores interesados por las relaciones hispano-rusas.
The article deals with the processes of building the information society and security in the CIS in accordance with modern conditions. The main objective is to review existing mechanisms for the formation of a common information space in the Eurasian region, regarded as one of the essential aspects of international integration. The theoretical significance of the work is to determine the main controls of the regional information infrastructure, improved by the development of communication features in a rapid process.The practical component consists in determining the future policies of the region under consideration in building the information society. The study authors used historical-descriptive approach and factual analysis of events having to do with drawing the contours of today's global information society in the regional refraction.
The main result is the fact that the development of information and communication technologies, and network resources leads to increased threats of destabilization of the socio-political situation in view of the emergence of multiple centers that generate the ideological and psychological background. Keeping focused information policy can not be conceived without the collective participation of States in the first place, members of the group leaders of integration - Russia, Belarus and Kazakhstan. Currently, only produced a comprehensive approach to security in the information field in the Eurasian region, but the events in the world, largely thanks to modern technology, make the search for an exit strategy with a much higher speed. The article contributes to the science of international relations, engaging in interdisciplinary thinking that is associated with a transition period in the development of society. A study of current conditions in their relation to the current socio-political patterns of the authors leads to conclusions about the need for cooperation with the network centers of power in the modern information environment, the formation of alternative models of networking, especially in innovation and scientific and technical areas of information policy, and expanding the integration of the field in this region on the information content.