СОВРЕМЕННОЕ МУСУЛЬМАНСКОЕ ПРОСТРАНСТВО МОСКВЫ: СЕВЕРОКАВКАЗСКИЙ ЗИКР И СРЕДНЕАЗИАТСКИЕ РЕЛИГИОЗНЫЕ ПРАКТИКИ
This paper is dedicated to two phenomena of contemporary Moscow Muslim life – the loud zikr (dhikr) of the Kunta Haji wird of the Qadiri tariqah, practised by Chechens and Ingush; and the religious practices of the Central Asian “uninstitutionalised” mullahs. Both spiritual practices are popular and have great significance for a considerable proportion of Moscow Muslims, including for those who do not directly participate in them. What both practices have in common is also found in their marginal nature with regard both to institutionalised Moscow Islam and to the Wahhabist trend which is now gathering steam here. This is an attempt to identify some specific features of contemporary Moscow Islam through the analysis of certain practices.
In this article I examine the situation of girls in the North Caucasus, a region that combines features of both a traditional society with its emphasis on the value of religion, family, and older generations, and a modernized society with its emphasis on the economic emancipation of women, and the pursuit of self-development and individual life strategies. The research model used interviews with girls and an analysis of essays written by girls in high school to explore their life values, priorities, and the impact of religion and traditions on their lives. The research also sought to identify girls place in the gender, age, and status hierarchies of local societies. © Berghahn Journals.
The Society of Muslim Brotherhood (MB) is one of key actors in the political process in Egypt, however, its ideological agenda is still a subject of controversy. Some experts regard it as deriving from radical thoughts of Sayyid Qutb, who was a main ideologist of the Society in 1950s and 1960s, while the recent MB leaders claim to refuse it. This paper discusses the fundamental political concepts established by the most significant ideologists of the MB. A number of their basic works reflecting political, legal and social theories were collected and investigated. By analyzing and comparing the basic political ideas reflected in these sources, we were able to discover common roots in the theories of earlier and later generations and to trace differences between their views. It was concluded, that the contemporary MB thinkers generally adhere to modern and even reformist interpretations. This conclusion provides a quite different understanding of the Muslim Brotherhood ideology, which has been primarily perceived as a radical and ultra-conservative since the 1950s.
The Union Européenne des Arabisants et Islamisants (UEAI), the most prestigious association of European Arabists and Islamicists, was founded in 1962. It is has grown to become the preeminent academic network for Arabic and Islamic studies across Europe. Currently, the organisation has more than 300 members representing almost all European countries. The biannual academic conferences of the UEAI, always held in a different European country, are characterised by a broad spectrum of thematic papers and discussions in the various fields of Arabic and Islamic studies
An article devoted to political development in Egypt after the Revolution 25 January 2011. Authors concludes that country take a course on Islamisation of political system.
In 2006, Russia amended its competition law and added the concepts of ‘collective dominance’ and its abuse. This was seen as an attempt to address the common problem of ‘conscious parallelism’ among firms in concentrated industries. Critics feared that the enforcement of this provision would become tantamount to government regulation of prices. In this paper we examine the enforcement experience to date, looking especially closely at sanctions imposed on firms in the oil industry. Some difficulties and complications experienced in enforcement are analysed, and some alternative strategies for addressing anticompetitive behaviour in concentrated industries discussed.