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Regular version of the site

Article

Людские потери в вооруженных конфликтах в мире: 1946-2015 гг.

Демографическое обозрение. 2016. Т. 3. № 2. С. 69-102.
Щербакова Е. М.

Direct  and  indirect  losses  resulting  from  major  conflicts  significantly  upset  the  natural reproduction of  a given population and give rise to large - scale waves of  migration. Estimating these losses remains a persistent task for demographers .  An important source of information regarding the number of casualties  of combat and one - sided violence is annually updated databases on armed conflicts. The article discusses data sources and evaluations of mortality due to organized collective violence. The trends in the number of armed conflicts of  various  types  and of the  death  toll resulting  from    them  for  the  period  1946-2015  are  analyzed  for  the whole world and for the major regions, as well as the impact of losses in armed conflict on the population and its age and sex composition. From 1946 to 2015, the severity and bloodiness of armed conflicts declined, but since 2011 there has been a tendency towards an increase in the number of conflicts, as well as in the number of people killed in them.
The  number  of  internal  armed  conflicts,  which  then  often  develop  into  international  ones  with  the participation of many countries, is increasing. So far, however, a comparison of the last quarter -century (the era after the Cold War), and the previous quarter -century indicates a reduction in the number of major armed conflicts  involving  the  state  and  one -sided  violence  in  the form  of  mass  murder  on  ethnic  and  political grounds.