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Article

Saccadic preparation at the experimental scheme with distractors during stimulation of leading and unleading eye

International Journal of Psychophysiology. 2016. Vol. 108. No. SI. P. 98-99.
Moiseeva V., Slavutskaya M., Shulgovskiy V., Fonsova N.
For successful goal-directed behaviour, it’s crucial to attend relevant stimuli in the visual field while ignoring distractor elements. The oculomotor system is a good model for the study of this competition between different elements. The goal of this research was to analyse spatial-temporal parameters of saccades and presaccadic EEG-potentials at the simultaneous presentation of the target and distracting stimuli to the leading and unleading eye. The complex of the positive and negative potentials was revealed in the saccade latent period. Latency of all components was shorter upon presentation of stimuli to the left, unleading eye, that may indicate the earlier saccade preparation. At the same time LP saccades were longer in this conditions (p b 0.05). The results show that early potentials N1 and P1 were higher in amplitude and dominated in the contralateral parietal-occipital areas. It can be reflection of visual sensory processing. The amplitude of the later negative potential N2 at the stimulation of the right eye increased in the case when target stimulus was at the same location than at the previous realisation. It’s possible that N2 component is connected with processes of preliminary extracting of motor program from memory together with attention processes. N2 amplitude was higher when the distance between target and distracting stimuli was 15 degrees in comparison with the minimal distance 5 degrees. It’s corresponded with LP data. The findings show an active role of attention and decision-making processes in saccade programing. The study has been funded by the Russian Academic Excellence Project '5-100' and partially supported by RFBR (the projects № 12-04-00719).