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Article

Взгляд на себя со стороны: роль рефлексии и самодетерминации в развитии личности

The paper presents the results of empirical research of the level of personality development and its links to variables of personality reflection and self-determination. Methods: Washington University sentence completion test, Differential test of self-reflection, Yu. Z. Gilbukh’s Questionnaire of personality maturity, Self-determination test, the Russian version of Causality orientations scale, Multidimensional Inventory of loneliness experience. In two studies with participants aged 14 to 25 years (N = 426), the positive associations between the level of personality maturity and systemic reflection, self-determination, autonomous causal orientation have been revealed. At the same time, non-constructive forms of reflection, external and impersonal causality orientations were independent of personality development. According to the research results, systemic reflection as ability and tendency to view oneself from outside and to understand the context of a situation and activity was both the only significant predictor of personality maturity on the short term scale (13 months), and a mediator between the openness to experience trait and the level of personality maturity.