Self-consistent description of graphene quantum amplifier
The development of active and passive plasmonic devices is challenging due to the high level of dissipation in normal metals. One possible solution to this problem is using alternative materials. Graphene is a good candidate for plasmonics in the near-infrared region. In this paper, we develop a quantum theory of a graphene plasmon generator. We account for quantum correlations and dissipation effects, thus we are able to describe such regimes of a quantum plasmonic amplifier as a surface plasmon emitting diode and a surface plasmon amplifier using stimulated radiation emission. Switching between these generation types is possible in situ with a variance of the graphene Fermi level. We provide explicit expressions for dissipation and interaction constants through material parameters, and we identify the generation spectrum and the second-order correlation function, which predicts the laser statistics.