Влияние партийного состава парламента на социально-экономическую политику в регионе: эмпирический анализ
The research analyzes the impact of the parliament structure on budget expenditures
in Russian regions. According to the partisan theory, political parties represented
in parliaments carry out a political course in concordance with their ideology.
Thus, politics influences economy. Using regression analysis, in our paper we
test the hypothesis that left political parties increase social expenditures. We use
dataset containing information from 2005 to 2013 about actual regional budget expenditures
for constructing index of political ideology based on left/right scale. It
has been found out that that left parliaments increase social expenditures by reducing
a share of spending on the national economy. Moreover, increase in social expenditures
causes redistribution of money between different items of social spending.