Learning from collaborative teacher development in an EAP/ESP context
The article explains the need for such innovations in teacher development as self- and peer observation, peer coaching, and keeping a teaching journal. It gives the results of teachers’ questionnaire and works out ways of collaborative teacher development. The author links the listed activities to professional development of English language teachers and their professionalism.
The part is about professional culture.
Classic sociological approaches to the study of professions were conducted from a perspective typical for Anglo-American context while in Continental Europe and other contexts, occupational groups may not be the main actors in these processes. Professionalization here thus may be promoted ‘from above’ by the state, which plays the main role in the development of the professions (Siegrist 1990). But states also differ. As for socialist Russia, one must take into account the role of the ruling Communist Party. In fact, it was the single-party bureaucratic and at times autocratic state which provided the professions with additional ideological frames and functions. In order to study the professions in Russia, where the party-state had a much more central role in organization of social life than that of the government in capitalist or mixed economies (Jones 1991), one needs to consider the historical changes that occurred before, during and after the period of state socialism (Krause 1991: 5). This chapter will focus on the pre-socialist and state-socialist periods of the history of professions and professionalization in Russia. We begin with a short glance into the history of modernization reforms of 18th century to see the origins of the strong role of the state in the institutionalization of the professions. Then we consider the important changes occurred in the late nineteenth century, in the course of liberal reforms, which affected the transformation of social structure, opened the way for new occupations and expanded opportunities for professionalization. Then we describe the dynamic and complex re-mapping of professional structure within the society after the socialist revolution. We turn to a discussion on how the new understanding of profession was formed and revised throughout recent Soviet history. We conclude by outlining the main trends of professionalization processes in pre-socialist and socialist Russia as well as short brief of what changes has occurred in the post-Soviet state.
In the article the author points out that career growth possibility in the modern world is one of the extremely motivating factors for young people, an indicator of human success. It is necessary to take into account that career building in state organizations depends on various factors: striving to combining responsibilities, power concentration, constant realization of own abilities in all situations, adaptiveness to changing conditions and good relations with management, etc.
Use of art materials while painting with watercolors is being revealed in the article, as well as their main characteristics. This information is vital for development of future arts teachers' professionalism and is useful in the process of graphic literacy teaching at school. Watercolor painting and application of enthralling creative methods richens lessons and develops scholars in aesthetic way, brings up their sense of art.
Issue devoted to the analysis of applied morals at various levels, including professional training
In this work the problem of learning and development of creativity with a view to the position of reflexive psychology, akmeology and pedagogics in the context of the human capital analysis in the conditions of modern society globalization is raised. The theme is urgent from the practical point of view in demand of a creative personality under conditions of the economic crisis and at the same time it is actual, because it interprets creativity in a new way according to interdisciplinary approach. The author emphasizes that a reflexively-creative potential is considered to be the backbone factor of professional and innovative activity in modern social space. On basis of philosophical foundations' analysis of psychology of creativity we theoretically build the conceptual model of reflexive creativity and we also examine the precedents of its psychology-pedagogical development in the secondary and high education (in case of reflexive-psycological support).
The paper is focused on the study of reaction of italian literature critics on the publication of the Boris Pasternak's novel "Doctor Jivago". The analysys of the book ""Doctor Jivago", Pasternak, 1958, Italy" (published in Russian language in "Reka vremen", 2012, in Moscow) is given. The papers of italian writers, critics and historians of literature, who reacted immediately upon the publication of the novel (A. Moravia, I. Calvino, F.Fortini, C. Cassola, C. Salinari ecc.) are studied and analised.
In the article the patterns of the realization of emotional utterances in dialogic and monologic speech are described. The author pays special attention to the characteristic features of the speech of a speaker feeling psychic tension and to the compositional-pragmatic peculiarities of dialogic and monologic text.