Полномочия Президента России в призме компонентов его конституционно-правового статуса
Reformation of supervisory control activity of the state in the framework of administrative rearrangements affected the system of municipal control. The analysis of updated legislation in the sphere of municipal control and its implementation is of great significance nowadays.
The author analyzes from general perspectives of the management theory how the concept of separation of powers is implemented in education, and how it can be improved in the future. It is shown in the article that in a period since 2004, when an administrative reform started and the united Ministry of Education and Science of the Russian Federation began its work, and till spring 2012, when the government of the Russian Federation changed, reauthorization from the legislative to the executive branches and from regional to federal authorities took place. Issues and risks of centralization of powers are considered with specific reference to management practices. Also, options for solving the problem of centralization of powers given by different power structures are analyzed, other solutions to this problem are offered.
This short analysis of the case-law of the RF CC allows distinguishing several pivotal axes around which is centred the argumentation of that Court. First, it is the constitutional order that delimits the freedoms of legal subjects with some mandatory requirements and this way makes triumph the collective over the individual. In the same vein the Court agrees to restrict the freedoms for the sake of national security that guarantees survival and development of the society. Nonetheless, collective rights are not equivalent to the collective interests (volonté générale, if to follow the terms of J.-J. Rousseau), these latter are represented not by collectives but by the State that stands both over the individuals and the collectives. The State may in its activities be guided by the underpinning social conventions, but this guidance is limited by the principle of reasonableness following which the State (in fact, its agents) can decide about the extent to which they are ready to recognise these social conventions as reasons for action. It can be interfered that in this aspect one may assert that in the reasoning of the RF CC the collective interest prevails over the individual one, and the both are subordinated to the reasonable guidance of the State.
Derived from the renowned multi-volume International Encyclopaedia of Laws, this very useful analysis of constitutional law in Russia provides essential information on the country's sources of constitutional law, its form of government, and its administrative structure. Lawyers who handle transnational matters will appreciate the clarifications of particular terminology and its application. Throughout the book, the treatment emphasizes the specific points at which constitutional law affects the interpretation of legal rules and procedure.
Thorough coverage by a local expert fully describes the political system, the historical background, the role of treaties, legislation, jurisprudence, and administrative regulations. The discussion of the form and structure of government outlines its legal status, the jurisdiction and workings of the central state organs, the subdivisions of the state, its decentralized authorities, and concepts of citizenship. Special issues include the legal position of aliens, foreign relations, taxing and spending powers, emergency laws, the power of the military, and the constitutional relationship between church and state. Details are presented in such a way that readers who are unfamiliar with specific terms and concepts in varying contexts will fully grasp their meaning and significance.
Its succinct yet scholarly nature, as well as the practical quality of the information it provides, make this book a valuable time-saving tool for both practising and academic jurists. Lawyers representing parties with interests in Russia will welcome this guide, and academics and researchers will appreciate its value in the study of comparative constitutional law.
In the third edition of the textbook light out the issues of modern constitutional law of Russia. It has been prepared in accordens with educational standerts. It is recomended to students and teachers of law faculties, political scientists, economists, experts of the public administration
We address the external effects on public sector efficiency measures acquired using Data Envelopment Analysis. We use the health care system in Russian regions in 2011 to evaluate modern approaches to accounting for external effects. We propose a promising method of correcting DEA efficiency measures. Despite the multiple advantages DEA offers, the usage of this approach carries with it a number of methodological difficulties. Accounting for multiple factors of efficiency calls for more complex methods, among which the most promising are DMU clustering and calculating local production possibility frontiers. Using regression models for estimate correction requires further study due to possible systematic errors during estimation. A mixture of data correction and DMU clustering together with multi-stage DEA seems most promising at the moment. Analyzing several stages of transforming society’s resources into social welfare will allow for picking out the weak points in a state agency’s work.