ИСТОКИ МОРАЛИ, ОРИЕНТИРОВАННОЙ НА ИНДИВИДА И ГРУППУ: СОЦИАЛЬНО-ПСИХОЛОГИЧЕСКИЙ И ЕСТЕСТВЕННО-НАУЧНЫЙ АСПЕКТЫ
The answer to the question about the sources of cultural-specific and universal aspects of morality demands for the reference to social psychological and anthropological researches. The review is oriented to the verification of the concept of “moral grounds” (J. Haidt). We substantiated hereditary determinism of individualizing moral foundations – care and justice, while genetic tightness of group-oriented morality – ingroup cohesion and vertically is challenged. Appeal to neurobiological research allows us to imagine the brain as a communication point between genetics and environment. We considers the study of moral sphere through the prism of identity as the direction of possible integration of psychological, anthropological, genetic, and neurobiological approaches.