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Article

Межпоколенная трансмиссия ценностей в городской и сельской среде

The research is devoted to transmission of individual values, in particular the impact of socio-cul- tural context of residence (urban and rural area) on the similarities and differences in values of ado- lescents and their parents. The research method was a socio-psychological survey. As the instrument we used the Portrait Values Questionnaire by S. Schwartz (PVQ-R). We interviewed representatives of two generations: parents and children from 91 families in Moscow and 62 families in rural areas (n=306). For mathematical-statistical data processing we used: Student’s ttest, intraclass correlation and multivariate analysis of variance. The study established that intra-family similarity in values from blocks Openness to Change, Self-Enhancement and Self-Transcendence is somewhat higher in the families living in the city than in the families living in the village, and the value similarity in block Conservation is higher in families residing in the village. It is also established that adolescents’ values are more similar to the values of peers than to parents ' values, in both urban and rural societies. But at the same time, we identified value differences between urban and rural families. The greatest dif- ferences were observed in values of block Self-Transcendence. The value similarity of this block is higher in families living in the city than in families living in rural areas. In both samples we observed two options for the transmission of values: from parents to children and value influence of friends, peers, and socio-cultural context (place of residence). In urban society Self-Transcendence values are better transmitted, and in rural society Conservation values are better transmitted.