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Article

Деньги, гендер, власть в домохозяйстве: концептуальные подходы

Экономическая социология. 2016. Т. 17. № 2. С. 116-145.

A bulk of literature on processes related to a triad of “money power inequality” highlight power as a main driver. Given the cause-and-effect relations, this fact can be considered as logical and reasonable. If research of the mentioned processes deals with the family (household) as an actor, it appears to be enriched (more complicated). As households often consist of men and women, biological sex and culturally constructed gender should be taken into account. Most researchers focusing on gender issues agree that gender relationships imply power relations. What is a peculiarity of family power relations and how are they related to money management? This article aims to depict main perspectives related to conceptualization of the indicated notions as well as empirical operationalization partially. The first part of this article reviews power patterns developed by S. Lukes, M. Foucault, P. Bourdieu and discusses issues related to definitions of “financial power” and ways of its operationalization if it is applied for family relationships. The second part deals with economic and sociological concepts which reveal and explain determinants of power relationships. The third part analyses currently ongoing changes in the gender order and their potential effects on the structure of power functions in the family.