Changing Traditions of Mathematical Education: BSc Program in Mathematics at the National Research University Higher School of Economics
HSE Faculty of Mathematics invited its first bachelor students in 2008. The program aims at providing a fundamental mathematical background as well as wide opportunities for its application: from physics, economics and computer science to actuary and financial analysis. Below we describe the problems encountered by the Faculty of Mathematics while building a new mathematical curriculum, and the solutions found. To this end, we first need to recap the principles of mathematical education in traditional Russian universities.
The competence of mathematical modelling is well conceptualized, thought a much-debated question is how to develop it in schools. International achievement test PISA consider mathematics achievements from the modelling perspective (formulating, employing and interpreting), and provides us with comprehensive data to analyze school factors in math results from the comparative perspective. The goal of our study was to estimate the effect of teaching practices on students’ achievements in different PISA mathematical processes while controlling prior achievements (TIMSS).
Traditions of mathematical education in Russia on both school and university level, research done by Russian scientists and its impact on the development of mathematics is considered by many a unique and valuable part of the world cultural heritage. In the present paper, we describe the development of mathematical education in Russian universities after 1955 — a period that proved to be most fruitful.
This proceedings publication is a compilation of selected contributions from the “Third International Conference on the Dynamics of Information Systems” which took place at the University of Florida, Gainesville, February 16–18, 2011. The purpose of this conference was to bring together scientists and engineers from industry, government, and academia in order to exchange new discoveries and results in a broad range of topics relevant to the theory and practice of dynamics of information systems. Dynamics of Information Systems: Mathematical Foundation presents state-of-the art research and is intended for graduate students and researchers interested in some of the most recent discoveries in information theory and dynamical systems. Scientists in other disciplines may also benefit from the applications of new developments to their own area of study.
Proceedings of the Moscow regional conference of The International Group for the Psychology of Mathematics Education (PME) and Yandex are presented.
The experience of the school in the field of cooperation with domestic and foreign higher education schools, public administration bodies, and ministries and departments of the Slovak Republic is presented.
Quality teaching as integral quality of quality culture at colleges The article considers prerequisites and methodological presumptions inherent in the notion of quality culture, and argues for the necessity to more systematically include quality teaching maintenance in this notion. Presented are the goals, methods, and basic results of the first project «Supporting Quality Teaching in Higher Education» carried out by the «Institutional Governance in Higher Education» OECR program. On the basis of the colleges participating in the program, the article considers priority directions in the ensuring of the quality teaching, as well as the background and context of the development of various moves to ensure the quality teaching, and describes its participants and mechanisms. The outcomes of the participation of HSE in the first stage of the project are laid out.
Let k be a field of characteristic zero, let G be a connected reductive algebraic group over k and let g be its Lie algebra. Let k(G), respectively, k(g), be the field of k- rational functions on G, respectively, g. The conjugation action of G on itself induces the adjoint action of G on g. We investigate the question whether or not the field extensions k(G)/k(G)^G and k(g)/k(g)^G are purely transcendental. We show that the answer is the same for k(G)/k(G)^G and k(g)/k(g)^G, and reduce the problem to the case where G is simple. For simple groups we show that the answer is positive if G is split of type A_n or C_n, and negative for groups of other types, except possibly G_2. A key ingredient in the proof of the negative result is a recent formula for the unramified Brauer group of a homogeneous space with connected stabilizers. As a byproduct of our investigation we give an affirmative answer to a question of Grothendieck about the existence of a rational section of the categorical quotient morphism for the conjugating action of G on itself.
Let G be a connected semisimple algebraic group over an algebraically closed field k. In 1965 Steinberg proved that if G is simply connected, then in G there exists a closed irreducible cross-section of the set of closures of regular conjugacy classes. We prove that in arbitrary G such a cross-section exists if and only if the universal covering isogeny Ĝ → G is bijective; this answers Grothendieck's question cited in the epigraph. In particular, for char k = 0, the converse to Steinberg's theorem holds. The existence of a cross-section in G implies, at least for char k = 0, that the algebra k[G]G of class functions on G is generated by rk G elements. We describe, for arbitrary G, a minimal generating set of k[G]G and that of the representation ring of G and answer two Grothendieck's questions on constructing generating sets of k[G]G. We prove the existence of a rational (i.e., local) section of the quotient morphism for arbitrary G and the existence of a rational cross-section in G (for char k = 0, this has been proved earlier); this answers the other question cited in the epigraph. We also prove that the existence of a rational section is equivalent to the existence of a rational W-equivariant map T- - - >G/T where T is a maximal torus of G and W the Weyl group.