Бытие «между»: пролегомены к политической теории Эрика Фёгелина
This study examines Eric Voegelin’s political philosophy as political theology and to both Christianity and classical philosophy, and can be identified as transcendent experience. When ignoring this describes it as a possibly way to reconceptualize modernity as philosophical category. In his works, Voegelin traces the relationship between religious and political spheres. This relationship is reflected through in historical continuity and in the transformation of symbols that modern political ideologies have generally utilized for selfinterpretation. These symbols include hierarchy, ecclesia, the apocalypse, etc. Since these symbols have come under the influence of secularization and are embedded in human history, they have acquired sacred characteristics. Voegelin has developed a highly sophisticated conceptual framework for analyzing this process. He stresses the deep and permanent values which can be traced experience, modern political theory empties itself of meaning. Voegelin describes this phenomenon as “gnosticism.” The gnostic worldview is characterized by a break with its origins. Within it, people did not create the world, but can partake in the mystery that is being (Voegelin called this “metaxy”). To Voegelin, reason itself needs to be recovered in order to revitalize the public realm. From this position, he engaged in today’s discourse concerning postmodernism and post-secularity. Moreover, the main point Voegelin insisted upon, the fact that reason (including political reason) is inseparable from orientation towards the transcendent. This perspective, labeled by the authors as “political theology,” could extend the epistemological horizon of post-secular and postmodern concepts.