Потенциал Сибири и Дальнего Востока России в сопряжении Евразийского экономического союза и Экономического пояса Шелкового пути
Joint statement on cooperation on the construction of joint Eurasian Economic Union (EAEU) and the Silk Road Economic Belt (SREB) project was signed on May 8, 2015. It became a new milestone in Russia-China relations.
EAEU is an integrational project of Russia, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyz republic and since 2016 – Armenia. SREB is a Chinese initiative, which primarily implies the extension of investment activities in transport and logistics in Eurasian region. Though the EAEU-SREB integration is not so much transit project as co-development project. In this case EAEU provides institutional framework of cooperation, and China – investments. This model will allow not only to overcome potential differences in Central Asia, but also creates preconditions for full-scale economic cooperation in the community of Greater Eurasia, which may become a new center of economic development in the coming decades.
The article is devoted to the problem of the perspectives SCO in the conditions of overcoming of consequences of global finanacial crisis which has designated the beginning of the future tendencies to real multipolarity and has put new problems before its participants. The article has the actual meaning and may enable understanding of the character of the relations between Russia and China within the limits of SCO. The work is of interest for the specialists in the field of world politics, and also for a wide audience.
This article considers the opportunities for Russia presented by the launch of China’s Silk Road Economic Belt initiative. This initiative is a comprehensive project for the rapid development of Central Asian countries, and not limited only to trans- port and logistics to guarantee the supply of Chinese goods to Europe. It is also China’s response to economic and political processes both within the country and in the Asia-Pacific region: the economic slowdown and transformation of its social and economic model, diverging income levels, the growing presence of the United States in Asia, and the new divisions of labour within the region. The Silk Road initiative is based on China’s intention to create strong regional value chains, to outsource labour-intensive and environmentally harmful production, to foster the development of northwest China including securing political stability in the Xinjiang Uighur Autonomous Region, and to guarantee the use of Chinese construction firms’ capac- ity. Goods transit is a secondary priority and justified not by commercial benefits from using land routes, but by the need to diversify export risks, arising due to the deteriorating military and political situation in the South China Sea. The 2015 Joint Statement on Cooperation on the Construction of Joint Eurasian Economic Union and the Silk Road Economic Belt projects resolves the issue of allegedly competitive goals of these complementary projects. The Eurasian Economic Union (EEU) provides an institutional base for cooperation while the Silk Road initiative provide investments for their development. Russia may benefit from participating in the Silk Road initiative. First, it would help integrate its transportation system into the region’s logistics network and provide additional opportunities for transit and associated logistical services as well as access to growing regional markets. Second, the Silk Road initiative offers opportunities to strengthen industrial co- operation among neighbouring countries to develop new economic clusters. Third, the EEU and the Silk Road may become the basis for more ambitious cooperation in greater Eurasia, which may transform into a new centre of economic develop- ment at the global level.
The article is devoted to the Asia-Pacifi c Economic Cooperation (APEC) Forum to be held and presided by the Russian Federation in early September 2012 in Vladivostok. The article gives the background for establishing the APEC, describes its goals and decisions adopted. It defi nes the APEC's place in the global economy as the largest association of States, which accounts for more than half of global GDP and which has set ambitious targets for establishing a free trade zone, liberalizing the investment climate and promoting regional integration. The article examines the major events in the global energy sector that triggered off the structural energy crisis in the early XXI century, causing the need for ensuring a global international energy security. The author suggests that the issue of energy security as a factor in implementing the strategic objectives of the APEC's economic and social development should be put on the agenda of the Forum. In this connection, the article analyzes the Draft Convention on Ensuring International Energy Security proposed by the Russian Federation for discussion and possible adoption. The article also puts forward several proposals for deepening regional integration to promote the development of the Far East and Siberia, and the creation of a new export base and promoting the Eastern vector of the Russian foreign economic cooperation policy.