Berdyaev on Dostoevsky: Theodicy and Freedom
The author examines the key philosophical problem of theodicy and freedom as it was first formulated by Fyodor Dostoevsky and later developed by Nikolai Berdyaev.
The correspondence of two prominent classical philologists – A.F. Losev (1893–1988) and his German colleague Bruno Snell (1896–1986) – introduces into scientific circulation for the first time. This correspondence relates to the 1959–1960 years and arose in connection with the publication of the “Lexicon of early Greek epos” (“Lexicon des frühgriechischen Epos”), edited by B. Snell. Printed in German in 1962 Losev’s review about the first 3 issues of this “Lexicon” published in Russian also for the first time. A.F. Losev’s letters to B. Snell are printed after typewritten originals from the Bavarian state library: Bayerische Staatsbibliothek; Nachlass Bruno Snell / B. Korrespondenz. Signatur: Ana 490. B. IV. Lossew, Alexis. B. Snell’s letters to A.F. Losev printed after typewritten originals of personal Losev’s archive (copies: Brief von Bruno Snell an Alexis Lossew // Bayerische Staatsbibliothek; Nachlass Bruno Snell / B. Korrespondenz. Signatur: Ana 490. B.II). Translation of Losev’s review about “Lexicon of early Greek epos” (“Lexicon des frühgriechischen Epos”) is done by publication: Deutsche Literaturzeitung. Jahrgang 83, Heft 2 – Februar 1962.S. 113–117.
The book focuses on the early spread of Kantianism (especially the Critique of Pure Reason) in the Russian Empire. This reception is analysed in the specific intellectual environment of the Ecclesiastical Academies – a wide analysis of their features, both historical and philosophical, is provided. The history and the sources belonging to the phenomenon of philosophising at Ecclesiastical Academiesare also investigated here through case studies: in responding to Kant’s Copernican revolution, the authors examined proved to be fully aware of the necessity of confronting the Criticism. The book contains an addendum with a wide-ranging review of the philosophical historiography of the reception of Kantianism in Russia up to 2015.
Analytical review of the fundamental work of A. Walicki on the history of Russian thought.
The article raises for the first time the question of scientific contacts between A.F.Losev and the outstanding German classical philologist Bruno Snell (1896–1986). The analysis demonstrates that Russian thinker kept the constant interest in the works of his German colleague during half a century, since the middle of 1920-ies. Losev’s attention to the work of Snell connected with his interest to the history of ideas and concepts, most evident in his monumental “The History of Classical Aesthetics”. Losev appealed to Snell in the study of the terminology of Plato (sophia, epistēmē) and Heraclitus (ēthos, sēmainei), Proclus (aiōn) and Plotinus (sophia),the language of the Homeric Epos, its aesthetics and mythology. Both researchers attributed the emergence of the concept “historical” with the Homeric Epos and see it as the first step to Greek historical consciousness. Special attention is paid to the history of German publication Losev’s positive review (1962) about “Lexikon of early Greek epos” (“Lexikon des frühgriechischen Epos”),launched in 1955 under the editorship of B. Snell.