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НАУКА МЕЖДУНАРОДНОГО ЧАСТНОГО ПРАВА: ТЕОРИЯ СТАТУТОВ В ГЕРМАНИИ В КОНЦЕ XVII ВЕКА (ИОГАНН ШИЛЬТЕР И САМЮЭЛЬ ШТРАЙК)

The article investigates the development of the German doctrine of private international law at the end of the XVII century, in particular, the author analyzes the essays of Johann Schilter and Samuel Stryk. Among the German scholars engaged in the problems of the conflict of laws, Johann Schilter and Samuel Stryk are very prominent, however, their creativity and their contribution to the development of the doctrine of the conflict of laws rules are virtually unknown in Russian jurisprudence. They adhered to the opinion on dividing all statutes into three groups, but they preferred not to use the terms statutes personalia, realia, mixta However, neither Shilter nor Stryk accepted the Dutch comitas gentium doctrine, so it is impossible to consider these scholars to be representatives of the “Dutch-German version of the theory of the statutes” as a concept, which is based on international comity. They attempted to explain the application of foreign laws from the standpoint of humanism and jus divinum. Shilter and Stryk’s conflict doctrines are of great interest and demonstrate the specificity of the German conflict doctrine, which has had a significant impact on the development of the legislation on German PIL.