Информативность как основополагающая категория текста и средства ее актуализации
The articl/e deals with prosaic rhythm which is consideredto be an instrument to organize the informative structure of the text and the key factor of entropy neutralization
Described approach delivers opportunities for unstructured information utilization in order to increase efficiency of innovation in education activity for separate tutors, science workers, professors and for scholarship, university as a whole for creating and automation of innovative process and therefore for maximization of ROI (return on investments) in universities intellectual and social capital. As a result, virtual community with a multiple content centres is created presenting a prototype of intellectual neural network with distributed association nodes. These nodes are formed during non-standard educational process similar to brainstorming where participants have quite different knowledge levels and limitation due to ‘traditional thinking’, for example, classical seminar in auditorium in parallel with webinar. In this process all steps except final (gathering of experts) are human non-dependant, what increase efficiency of this process in general.
We propose a new method of randomized forecasting (RF-method), which operates with models described by systems of linear ordinary differential equations with random parameters. The RF-method is based on entropy-robust estimation of the probability density functions (PDFs) of model parameters and measurement noises. The entropy-optimal estimator uses a limited amount of data. The method of randomized forecasting is applied to World population prediction. Ensembles of entropy-optimal prognostic trajectories of World population and their probability characteristics are generated. We show potential preferences of the proposed method in comparison with existing methods.
The article deals with prosaic text rhythm which is considered to be a tool to organize the informational structure of the text. The minimal unit of text contexture is dicteme - an elementary topical unit of text.
The paper presents a dicision rule forming a mathematical basis of earthquake forecasting problem. We develop an axiomatic approach to earthquake forecasting in terms of a multicomponent random fields on a lattice.
The concept of weighted entropy takes into account values of different outcomes, i.e., makes entropy context-dependent, through the weight function. We establish a number of besic inequalities mirroring similar bounds on standard shannon entropy and related quantities
This paper reviews the fundamental statements of Rene Thom's (1923 – 2002) theory of morphogenesis. This theory is also known as a «theory of catastrophes», based on reinterpretation of Aristotle's concept of form, which is founded on research of fundamental characteristics of geometrically described space comprehended as a substance (hyle) of things, theoretical biology and phenomenology.
The paper is focused on the study of reaction of italian literature critics on the publication of the Boris Pasternak's novel "Doctor Jivago". The analysys of the book ""Doctor Jivago", Pasternak, 1958, Italy" (published in Russian language in "Reka vremen", 2012, in Moscow) is given. The papers of italian writers, critics and historians of literature, who reacted immediately upon the publication of the novel (A. Moravia, I. Calvino, F.Fortini, C. Cassola, C. Salinari ecc.) are studied and analised.
In the article the patterns of the realization of emotional utterances in dialogic and monologic speech are described. The author pays special attention to the characteristic features of the speech of a speaker feeling psychic tension and to the compositional-pragmatic peculiarities of dialogic and monologic text.