The article examines specific features of the African American anthroponymic system in terms of the category of iden- tity and the anthropocentric approach to language studies.
Personal names of African Americans represent the social status and mentality of the name giver. The name giver chooses a name according to his or her fundamental beliefs and values with the help of identity expression.
Anthropocentrism is reflected in the lexicon of any language in a specific way, which is most vividly apparent in the naming process. The paper shows that the anthroponymic system of a language is influenced by the values and motives of its creators. The anthroponymic approach to language studies fosters not only language development, but the study of human capacity for linguistic creativity. Personal names accumulate historical, linguistic, social and ethnoc- ultural experience of an ethnic group or a nation.
The author analyzes specific features of African American anthroponyms, which enrich the national and cultural va- riety of the U.S. onomastic system.
The articl/e deals with prosaic rhythm which is consideredto be an instrument to organize the informative structure of the text and the key factor of entropy neutralization
The research focuses on the communicative strategies of agreement and is aimed at creating a typology of those strategies. Despite the fact that communication and its strategies are the key concepts of numerous scholarly works, communicative strategies, on the whole, and communicative strategies of agreement, in particular, are not thoroughly structured and there is no frame, containing the whole set of inner communicative characteristics. The article focuses on agreement as the nuclear concept underlying the classification created on the basis of Dan Brown‘s books about Robert Langdon. Agreement presupposes either consensus or an affirmative response based on any type of manipulation. The plot of the books develops in modern society, and the main characters of the books belong to various countries and cultures, including representatives of the United States of America, Spain, Italy, Japan and France, which makes the classification universal. Moreover, the latest book under study was published in 2017, which adds novelty to the research. Taking into account the specificity of the research material, the typology is applicable primarily to verbal strategies and tactics of agreement, but non-verbal, para-verbal and extralinguistic elements of the typology are not excluded and can be examined in subsequent studies
The article aims to reveal the competencies which constitute a university language teacher competence. For this purpose, international competency frameworks for language teachers and research on the topic of teacher competencies were analyzed, the components of the competence were revealed, and a framework for the assessment of the university language teacher competence is provided. Some evaluation instru-ments and methods are analyzed. A conclusion is drawn stating the necessity to develop assessment materi-als based on the suggested competency matrix. It is emphasized that the evaluation method should assess all the components of the professional competence and be reliable and valid.
Language exercises are widely used in teaching foreign languages; yet, manually creating exercises is labor-intensive and time-consuming. This paper describes a method for automatically generating EFL wordbank cloze exercises. These are generated from arbitrary passages in English, which is an important advantage in terms of learner motivation; indeed, the content of the exercises can be tailored to learners’ interests. Another feature of the method is exercise difficulty adjustment. Unlike other systems, our algorithm does not rely on many external linguistic resources and can be thus more easily adapted to other languages. Two experiments were conducted to evaluate the proposed method. The experiments showed that our algorithm performs significantly better than the ‘naïve’ random-sample baseline and that its precision of making gaps is 97%.
The article presents the “Language Awareness” approach and describes its history and main principles. The paper explains why it is important to apply this approach to materials development. The samples of tasks designed according to these principles are provided, among them those from the “English for Academics” textbook. The authors explain the underlying methodology of the course. The results of the textbook piloting demonstrate the relevance and efficiency of the approach implemented in a course for post-graduate students, academics and researchers.
The article examines new words in Chinese language, inspired by the ideology of the construction of ecological civilization. On the basis of the work reports of the government in 2016 and 2017 years we analyze the features of the political discourse of the 5th generation of Chinese leaders, led by the Chairman of the People's Republic of China Xi Jinping. The accurate analysis of the neologism in the ecological sphere helps to identify the basic laws of modern word formation in the Chinese language. The political discourse of the "Xi’s era" is characterized by active linguistic creativity, systemic and multifaceted construction, the existence of a hierarchy and links between the concepts and the complexity of the approach, combining political, economic and environmental aspects.
The present study analyses the markers of feminine identity that reflect the curr
ent tendencies of gender
ideology and language policy of the modern English
speaking society. The peculiarity of the approach employed
in the study is the comparative analysis of the most frequent markers of femininity in lexicographical resources of
XI century along with communicative contexts of the British media that are used to identify gender
variants of lexical units and their use in speech. Definitions of Cambridge English Dictionary, English Oxford
Living Dictionaries, Longman Exams Dic
tionary, Macmillan English Dictionary Online; word
semantic spheres; communicative contexts of the British newspaper ―The Independent‖ are considered to be the
markers, which construct the image of the modern woman and her social roles. T
he results of the study indicate
a shift in gender asymmetry towards linguistic equality, but at the same time, the results reveal the preservation of
androcentrism in the modern English language and speech.
Listening is one of the topical issues of current practices in teaching English. This article deals with the further development and mastering of listening comprehension skills. Being one of the integral parts of oral communication activity, it is crucial for those who intend to learn a foreign language and use it as a means of communication in the modern world. The authors considered authentic video materials as essential in developing listening competence due to certain psychical processes. The paper presents a system of exercises which is designed to develop and master listening comprehension skills with the help of authentic audiovisual materials. The latter are viewed as a stimulating teaching tool and a means of ensuring individualized learning. The validity of the strategies suggested is substantiated by statistic data testifying to the students' progress.