Неоправдавшийся успех или запланированный провал: иностранные концессии в 1920-х гг. в СССР
The purpose of this paper is to analyze the functioning the Soviet Russia market concession in the 1920s as an example the concessions of the French entrepreneurs. To achieve this goal, the authors attempt to describe the concession institutional environment in the terms of its structure, members, agents, using as an example a concrete proposal from the French investor. The latter does not end with the singing of the agreement. In the second hart of the paper, the authors examined the foreign investor’s concession attractiveness.
In the article from the position of contract law assesses the fact of non-complience of mandatory requirements to the objects of technical regulation.
Article is devoted to the analysis of prospects of Public-private partnership (PPP) development in Russia, taking into account priorities of the state policy, existing legal and organizational conditions and the last changes in the Russian legislation. Studying of processes of public and private sectors interaction is based on the theory of group policy and the neo institutional theory. The author describes prospects of decrease in level of uncertainty of the institutional legal and organizational environment of PPP development in Russia, the specific problems arising in the course of implementation of projects on the basis of various PPP models. Only in the last few years it is possible to note increasing interest of federal authorities to PPP development, but due to results of the analysis of development evolution of organizational and legal conditions of PPP in Russia, the rigid regulation of preparation and implementation process of the PPP projects doesn't stimulate development of such cooperation of private and public sectors, on the contrary it is an essential obstacle, especially from the point of view of regional development of PPP practices.
This paper suggests an algorithm for stress testing of the credit risk of a Russian commercial bank, intended for use by investors and bank customers to assess the bank’s financial stability under stressful scenarios. Indicator of bank losses in this work is the indicator “loan loss provision”. An algorithm is proposed that describes the bank’s cash flows in stressful situations, taking into account the demand function for the loans of the analyzed bank, the bank’s availability of the necessary capital to increase the loan portfolio, and the availability of a sufficient amount of liquid to cover losses.
The author analyzes concession’s concept and its substance as a category. He gives his own vision of a place, which concessions occupies in Public-Private Partnerships (PPPs). The paper describes a wide scale of concession’s experience in Russia and throughout the world. The author makes an attempt to give a comprehensive analysis of various factors that are able to contribute to successful concession development in Russia.
Smoking is a problem, bringing signifi cant social and economic costs to Russiansociety. However, ratifi cation of the World health organization Framework conventionon tobacco control makes it possible to improve Russian legislation accordingto the international standards. So, I describe some measures that should be taken bythe Russian authorities in the nearest future, and I examine their effi ciency. By studyingthe international evidence I analyze the impact of the smoke-free areas, advertisementand sponsorship bans, tax increases, etc. on the prevalence of smoking, cigaretteconsumption and some other indicators. I also investigate the obstacles confrontingthe Russian authorities when they introduce new policy measures and the public attitudetowards these measures. I conclude that there is a number of easy-to-implementanti-smoking activities that need no fi nancial resources but only a political will.
One of the most important indicators of company's success is the increase of its value. The article investigates traditional methods of company's value assessment and the evidence that the application of these methods is incorrect in the new stage of economy. So it is necessary to create a new method of valuation based on the new main sources of company's success that is its intellectual capital.