Развитие читательской грамотности у студентов юридических вузов
The techniques of developing law students’ reading competence and a detailed description of reading competence development stages have been suggested. An analysis of the Federal Penitentiary Service cadets’ reading skills is undertaken. The researchers present their experimental learning results in this article further to testing their model tasks for working with texts.
This article examines the effectiveness of analytical reading in English as a method of teaching students of non-language specialties. The issues of using this method are investigated, its specificity and advantages are revealed. In addition, the results of the experiment are given, which made it possible to determine the effectiveness of analytical reading in English as a teaching method.
This paper discusses the specifics of using the method of peer assessment in the process of learning a brief text summary in English by the students of non-linguistic specialties. In particular, the effectiveness and expediency of using peer assessment in teaching foreign languages are analyzed by the author. The empirical part of the research was conducted at the National Research University Higher School of Economics (Moscow, Russia), with a group of undergraduate students studying at the Faculty of Economics. The author relied on a well-developed methodological apparatus, with the purpose of obtaining the most accurate and reliable data and conducting an objective analysis. As a result, the author concludes that the method of peer assessment can solve a number of pedagogical problems: increasing responsibility and autonomy of students; providing a deeper understanding of the subject; developing learning skills; stimulating each student to become an active worker and appraiser; developing critical thinking, etc. In addition, the method of peer assessment focuses on the maximum involvement of students in the learning process, which contributes to better learning motivation. More than that, it develops a supportive learning environment, in which our students could feel comfortable and fully trust each other and their teachers. The research results can be used to develop a more effective methodology for teaching foreign languages at non-linguistic specialties, as well as for conducting further research on related topics.
Institutions affect investment decisions, including investments in human capital. Hence institutions are relevant for the allocation of talent. Good market-supporting institutions attract talent to productive value-creating activities, whereas poor ones raise the appeal of rent-seeking. We propose a theoretical model that predicts that more talented individuals are particularly sensitive in their career choices to the quality of institutions, and test these predictions on a sample of around 95 countries of the world. We find a strong positive association between the quality of institutions and graduation of college and university students in science, and an even stronger negative correlation with graduation in law. Our findings are robust to various specifications of empirical models, including smaller samples of former colonies and transition countries. The quality of human capital makes the distinction between educational choices under strong and weak institutions particularly sharp. We show that the allocation of talent is an important link between institutions and growth.