Staroruskie pojęcie “honor/cześć” w pomnikach literatury na Rusi (do najazdu mongolskiego)
The notion of honor (čest’) was crucial to a person’s social status in Old Rus’. The analysis presented in the article shows that the notion’s sense differed basically from a modern one and was not directly analogous to a West-European feudal one. The main meaning of the old-Russian word čest’ was ‘respect’, ‘esteem’, but it also meant a rank, a status or a power and, on the other hand, such visual and material forms expressing “the respect” as bow, gift, reward, escort etc. In the Christian context the notion related to values emanating from eternal and imperishable God and, consequently, to a dignity of persons touched by God’s blessing.