Воссоздание особенностей синтаксических структур первой и шестой "Дуинских элегий" Р.М. Рильке в переводах на английский язык
This book is a collection of articles dealing with various aspects of grammatical relations and argument structure in the languages of Europe and North and Central Asia (LENCA). Topics covered with respect to individual languages are: split-intransitivity (Basque), causativization (Agul), transitives and causatives (Korean and Japanese), aspectual domain and quantification (Finnish and Udmurt), head-marking principles (Athabaskan languages), and pragmatics (Eastern Khanty and Xibe). Typology of argument-structure properties of ‘give’ (LENCA), typology of agreement systems, asymmetry in argument structure, typology of the Amdo Sprachbund, spatial realtors (Northeastern Turkic), core argument patterns (languages of Northern California), and typology of grammatical relations (LENCA) are the topics of articles based on cross-linguistic data. The broad empirical sweep and the fine-tuned theoretical analysis highlight the central role of argument structure and grammatical relations with respect to a plethora of linguistic phenomena.
The paper presents a description and a discussion of adnominal possessive constructions in Tanti Dargwa, a Northeast Caucasian language spoken in Daghestan. While at first glance these constructions look quite typical for the family, on a closer inspection it turns out that they display at least two typologically non-trivial phenomena. First, Tanti Dargwa manifests a dedicated construction referring to the "annulated" possessive relation (like my forme house). Second, the language shows a specific pattern whereby the possessum may take the noun class of the possessor and control agreement in accordance to this assignment.
The paper surveys various approaches to polysynthetic languages and demonstrates that the criteria for characterizing a language as a polysynthetic one are either not clear or only hold for some of the polysynthetic languages. It is argued that polysynthetic languages do not constitute a homogeneous class, yet the idea of polysynthesis may reflect certain diachronic processes.