Архітектура домогосподарства: ієрархія та мережева структура
Architecture of the household: the hierarchy and the network structure
Investigated the relation of hierarchic and network structures of the Institute of the household, determined by dynamics of overall institutional development of society. There are identified the specifics of their relationship. This is important for finding ways to improve the institutional structure of society.
The proposed monograph - one of the first scientific papers, which the system based on the conceptual model of the households in the structure of the national economy. Updated theoretical and methodological basis of the research institute of the household, its place in the reproductive and financial systems of the national economy. A special place in the book takes the study of households in the institutional system, including property relations and informal institutions. The analysis of the functioning of households in different economic systems proposed directions of households in the context of the national economy.
For teachers, researchers and graduate students, as well as for all those interested in the functioning of the household and efficient interaction of economic agents.
In this paper, we consider the following problem - what affects the amount of investment in knowledge when one of the network firms enters another innovation network. The solution of this problem will allow us to understand exactly how innovative companies will behave when deciding whether to enter the innovation network of another country or region, what conditions affect it and how the level of future investments in knowledge can be predicted.
The paper introduces the notion of pseudo-hybrids. The structures exist in Russian bus paaeneger transport and on the oil service market. While these structures seem to have features of hybrids, they are a tool of exploitation of subcontractors or a way of work precarization
The human history has evidenced various systems of hierarchy and power in different spheres of social life. The relations of hierarchy and power are relevant for every sphere as they penetrate the whole life of a society and represent a sort of framework for an individual's activity. The cultural sphere (in the wide sense of the word) is not an exception, although, of course, it has great peculiarities in the manifestation of power-hierarchical relations. The relations here are usually informal and more often connected with traditions than with norms, there are much less power structures that have the legal right for coercion. The book consists of two main parts. The papers included in the first section discuss the dynamics and potentials of newly emerging socio-cultural network structures and the ways in which they reconceptualize socio-cultural organization through innovative forms of spatial practice. The second section is dedicated to the study of new models of communication whose influence overcomes states' borders and which have a great potential and capabilities for destroying the basis and cultural values of the society.
The article proposes application of the level approach to attention research. Four basic principles of levelbased architecture of attention are derived from theoretical premises of the level approach to cognition and the psychology of attention as well as from empirical data. The author offers a variant of empirical research program which is based on the logic of the level approach. Finally the 5 level model of attention processes organization is proposed on the basis on experimental data. The article also contains examples of author's empirical studies which are interpreted in the level approach framework. The first study demonstrates the functioning of the redundancy principle (which is one the basic principles stated in study) in the visual inspection tasks. The second study shows the differences in the efficiency of memorizing the same material and the differences in experiencing of subjective confidence in mnemonic judgments depending on the leading level of attention in task solving.
We contribute to the debate on the optimal structure of Competition Authorities (CAs), a debate of particular relevance in younger developing country jurisdictions. We propose a model of a reputation-maximizing CA in which reputation is increasing with enforcement success. This predicts that generalist CAs will focus on decisions in activities with low probability of annulment and low investigation and litigation costs and that this could be detrimental to welfare (relative to the more balanced activity portfolio of specialist CAs). We use a data set of appealed decisions of the Russian CA to provide an empirical support for the model’s assumptions and predictions.