This paper examines the role of the place of living (urban or rural society) and its social- cultural context in determining the parent- adolescent child value similarity. We interviewed representatives of two generations: parents and children from 90 families in Moscow and 62 families in Russian villages (n=304 people). Our findings indicated the influence of socio- cultural context (urban-rural) on the transmission of values. Conservation values were primarily transmitted from parents to children in the more traditional, rural context. Openness to change, Self-Enhancement and Self-Transcendence values were transmitted from parents to children mainly in the urban context. Perceived psychological closeness between parents and adolescents (as perceived by adolescents) affected the adoption of values by the adolescents in both urban and rural contexts. All values of adolescents were more similar to the values of peers than to their parents, in both urban and rural contexts.
Enterprises often need to make a choice of the development vector of its activities among the various existing strategic alternatives. The use of the methodology offered in this article is based on the selection and the degree ranging of external factors, that influence the company. The proposed model can lead to a quickly choose of the priority within the company objectives of possible alternatives. The article consist of the determinative constructed algorithm, from the selection and evaluation procedures of factors influence degree on the enterprise development up to the assessment criteria of the set goals.
The article reveals an attempt of the author to analyze the development of personality and its main components in ontogenesis using the system-structural approach. We regard these psychological phenomena as multidimensional, multilevel holistic formations, the origin of which, further development and functioning are characterized by distinct heterochrony. Our study of time phenomenon in personality evolution is based on B. Ananyev's definition of the person's age not only as ontogenetic phase succession but also as social life of a person, as well as the history of personality formation in a particular society at a certain stage of its historical development. As a methodological basis for this analysis of personality and its ontogenetic development we use the system approach and time phenomenon as an integral characteristic of person's evolution according to B. Ananyev.
In the article we describe a conceptual model, goals, tasks and functions of logistics controlling. Some results of German logistics controlling survey of Kuepper and Hoffmann are shown. We also announce the first results of our Russian-German empirical survey of logistics controlling which was conducted in cooperation of International Training-Center for Logistics (www.mclog.ru) and German consultancy Barkawi Management Consulting (www.barkawi.de) in 2011.