Multi-Functionality of Metaphors in the Eco-Moral Discourse of the British Press
Authentic news articles are a valuable source of didactic material for EFL teaching. The paper deals with the analysis of multi-functional metaphors in the eco-moral discourse of the British press on the example of a news article that has been selected for classwork. The research shows the importance of students' background knowledge that makes it possible to understand a particular use of metaphors. They function as both attention-grabbing devices and descriptive, interpersonal, cohesive, rhetoric, personifying, persuasive elements that substantiate a huge potential of metaphors. It is shown that the rhetoric of text rises in a conflicting frame. Some examples of the conceptualization of metaphoric use are given to highlight the author’s visualization of things as well as his civic stance. It is pointed out that the figurative application of words, collocations, phrases, sentences-aphorisms leads to text integrity.
The article is concerned with the main assumptions and strategies of using authentic media sources as didactic materials in communicative EFL (English as a foreign language) teaching. This process implies an overall development and transfer of the four main linguistic skills: reading, writing, speaking, listening. Teacher-student interaction, whole-class/group/individual activities are designed to contribute to the development of student communicative language competence when working with manifold media materials: audio-visual items, texts for reading and oral or written analysis and discussion. In this regard, distant learning is looked upon as the most significant element in terms of student solitary work. In the light of the analysis of scientific research, four working principles are set out: illustrative, imitative, analytical, analytic-correctional. It is shown that four critical areas of effective instruction: managed choice, multi-source curriculum, multi-task learning and meaningful classroom discussion should be employed in the classroom turning a stale learning environment into an invigorating one with great potential.
The article focuses on the role of teaching reading skills in foreign language and presents certain requirements which texts for professional use should meet to help law students achieve practical command of English and master the particular language of their profession in order to be able to read key literature on their subject areas.
Institutions affect investment decisions, including investments in human capital. Hence institutions are relevant for the allocation of talent. Good market-supporting institutions attract talent to productive value-creating activities, whereas poor ones raise the appeal of rent-seeking. We propose a theoretical model that predicts that more talented individuals are particularly sensitive in their career choices to the quality of institutions, and test these predictions on a sample of around 95 countries of the world. We find a strong positive association between the quality of institutions and graduation of college and university students in science, and an even stronger negative correlation with graduation in law. Our findings are robust to various specifications of empirical models, including smaller samples of former colonies and transition countries. The quality of human capital makes the distinction between educational choices under strong and weak institutions particularly sharp. We show that the allocation of talent is an important link between institutions and growth.