«ГОСТИ СТОЛИЦЫ» В ГЛАЗАХ МОСКВИЧЕЙ: МОРАЛЬНОЕ ОБОСНОВАНИЕ ОЦЕНОК МИГРАЦИИ
In the article we analyze the results of the focus groups as a part of the research of factors of the mutual adaptation of migrants and host population. Moral foundations of the perception of migration and migrants by the host population of Moscow are in the focus of interest. A theoretical framework for the interpretation of the obtained results is defined by the Theory of moral foundations and the Theory of moral motives. Respondents demonstrated active emotional rejection of migration in Moscow, pronouncing all the popular "Caucasian" themes. The dominance in the estimates of "moral" emotions allows us to refer to the analysis of the moral components in the host population's representations of migration and migrants. The moral foundation "in-group loyalty" is actualized with the perceived threat from migrants. Representatives of the host population consider mainly cultural symbols and practices, translated in the status of the sacred, as markers of belonging to the in-group. The use of the concept of "home" reinforces the idea of the boundaries between "Insiders" - "indigenous" and "Outsiders" - "newcomers", and becomes the basis of a hierarchical order: inequality between "host" and "guest" is clearly understood and spoken by participants in the focus groups. The results of the analysis allow to conclude that the moral foundations of «Loyalty/ betrayal», «Authority/subversion» and «Sanctity/degradation» are supported by avoidance motivation and become the basis of the claims of morality of the social order based on homogenization group composition and impermeability of group boundaries. Thus, morality focused on the safety of the group becomes the basis of discriminatory discourse and appropriate practices and contributes to the expansion of social support of stricter immigration policy.