Functioning of Denominal Verbs in Modern Russian
The present paper focuses on the process of verbalization in the contemporary Russian language. Denominal verbs are seen as the most economic way of expressing meaning compared to normal verbs, therefore in our opinion the increase in their quantity in Russian is caused by the effect of the language economy law. The reasons for language economy are both linguistic and extra linguistic, particularly, the appearance of new information technologies, the internet communication, acceleration of life pace. The article presents the classification of Russian denominal verbs and explores the influence of generic and particular knowledge of interlocutors on the right understanding of the verb meaning. It gives some examples of well-established and occasional denominal verbs and shows the peculiarities of their functioning.
The paper deals with the issue of conceptualizing interoceptive sensations – perceptual signals originating in the internal milieu of the body and characterizing its physiological state. Unlike many other types of perceptual phenomena, interoceptive sensations lack their own vocabulary and can only be conveyed in speech through metaphor. The paper carries out an analysis of only one group of metaphors based upon the names of natural phenomena, which falls into two subgroups: weather / climatic phenomena and natural disasters. Providing examples from contemporary literary sources, the author reveals the functions of individual metaphors and studies their potential for qualifying the sensation, measuring it, tracing its dynamics and assessing possible consequences for bodily well-being.
The article focuses on the study of syncretism in the functioning of verbs with incorporated actants in the contemporary English language. Incorporation is seen as the ability of a verb to incorporate actants. By syncretism in language we understand neutralization of oppositions in the paradigm of linguistic units of different levels; syncretism in speech is asymmetry of linguistic units lying in the ability to combine morphological, syntactic and semantic features of several linguistic units in one speech performance. We conducted the studies of functional properties of verbs with incorporated actants both in syntagmatics and paradigmatics. The findings of the paper support the prediction that the verbs possess syncretical meanings.
Interoceptive, or inner-body, sensations are an innovative and highly promising line of research in contemporary language studies. First identified by physiologists more than a century ago, interoception has traversed its original academic boundaries to gain the status of an interdisciplinary subject whose investigation requires combined efforts on the part of psychologists, neurologists, cultural anthropologists and cognitivists, to name just a few. Its problematization in Linguistics was prompted by the fact that interoceptive sensations are inseparably connected with language. Belonging to the subjective sphere of the individual and concealed from the outside observer, they can only be effectively externalized through verbal representation. Our nominative abilities, however, are seriously challenged when it comes to verbalizing our inner-body sensations. Vague and transient, lacking in substance and uncontrollable, exclusively personal and unverifiable, interoceptive sensations demonstrate a considerable resistance to language. Articulating your inner-body experience is virtually expressing the inexplicable, trying to delineate the shapeless, to share something that is principally unshareable. Balancing between the perceived unshareability of our inner-body experience and the need to convey it in a comprehensible form we have to seek reasonable compromises between the uniqueness of each sensation and the need to comply with the existing cultural and language conventions. The goal of the current research consists in revealing the main cognitive mechanisms that are enacted in objectifying interoceptive phenomena and to discuss the verbal strategies we resort to when communicating our inner-body experience.
The paper is made in the frame of cognitive derivatology. The article analyses the cognitive mechanism of new conceptual formation, the secondary structure of knowledge.
The paper is focused on the study of reaction of italian literature critics on the publication of the Boris Pasternak's novel "Doctor Jivago". The analysys of the book ""Doctor Jivago", Pasternak, 1958, Italy" (published in Russian language in "Reka vremen", 2012, in Moscow) is given. The papers of italian writers, critics and historians of literature, who reacted immediately upon the publication of the novel (A. Moravia, I. Calvino, F.Fortini, C. Cassola, C. Salinari ecc.) are studied and analised.
In the article the patterns of the realization of emotional utterances in dialogic and monologic speech are described. The author pays special attention to the characteristic features of the speech of a speaker feeling psychic tension and to the compositional-pragmatic peculiarities of dialogic and monologic text.