Soberania sob a perspectiva juridico-filosofica russa
In the present paper we will analyze one of the trends of Russian legal philosophy which exerts a considerable influence on the political processes on-going in this country. This trend is revealed in so called state-centralism: an ideology according to which the State is omnipotent and can interfere with any matters without any limitation from inside or outside. This “ideology of Leviathan” has been many times articulated in legal philosophy, to begin with Plato or Aristotle. In Russia this ideology has found a fertile soil, as its waste spaces, heterogeneous population and unfriendly environment (both in political and natural senses) made it clear for many that without powerful central authorities there will be no further for such a big country. To wit, it will either fall apart as the French, British and other empires, or will need to get modernized and restructured according to the models of other big Western counties (like the US). This paper is developed on the base of two lectures that the present author gave in 2013 and 2014 at Law School of the Federal University of Parana grace to kind invitation and support of this School and to relentless efforts of Professor Cesar Serbena. We do hope that this paper will be an important adjunct to our lectures and will be helpful to those of our Brazilian colleagues who seek to understand the actual political situation in Russia, its implications and perspectives in the light of philosophical debates that underpin these discourses.