Политика «Народного фронта» Коминтерна: цели явные и скрытые
The paper first presents an overview of historiographical political activity Honyen Park (1920-1953). Name a prominent patriot and revolutionary force in Park Honyen political affiliation divided Korea into oblivion. Park figure on the background of many famous fighters for the independence of Korea from Japanese domination worthy of attention because of its political activity is inextricably linked to the anti-Japanese struggle for the liberation of Korea. Member of the March First uprising Park Honyen one of the organizers and leaders of the Young Communist League of Korea, Secretary of the Communist Party of Korea. The main source base for writing this message served as documents of the Russian State Archive of Socio-Political History (RGASPI) Foreign Policy Archives of the Russian Federation (AVP RF), publications of the Russian and foreign researchers of Korean history, memories of Honyen Park Korean Studies Professor F. Shabshinoy (in manuscript), completed in 1993, as well as archive daughter Park Honen - Viviane.In the Russian Korean studies, special study of the life and political career of the prominent figure of 1920 - 1950-ies Park Honyen not yet carried out. Objective presentation of historical facts will fill the "white spots" in the history of the Korean Peninsula, as well as understanding of the origins of the Soviet-Korean relations.
Four centuries of tans-atlantic slave trade and more than one hundred years of the migration of Africans to the former metropolitan and other western countries formed a unique community – a large diaspora of the peoples of African origin. Among those who influenced the historical studies of African peoples most of all is the personality of William Edward B. Du Bois (1868–1963).We try to clarify in which way and when his understanding of Black History transferred from the history of Negroes to the history of African Peoples. The 15 years after the Manchester Pan-African congress show the best promise as Dr. Du Bois attached much importance and influenced greatly the development of African studies in the USSR. Through better understanding of newly independent states of Africa more and more historians realized the new character of Black History which became separated and from the late 50-th and on was developing as the history of Africans and Negroes, IOW — African-Americans.
The Soviet assistance to the leading political forces in China, including the Guomindang, has been always an object of numerous discussions. Soviet/Russian historians tend to emphasize its major importance for the political development of China, but their Chinese counterparts belittle its significance quite often. Why is it still difficult to evaluate the quantity and the quality of this assistance? What criteria should be used for its objective assessment? These questions are answered in the book by the historian and sinologist Alexander Yurkevich (the National Research University “Higher School of Economics”, Moscow). Judging from documents (some of them have never been known) the author shows why and how Moscow’s assistance to the Guomindang in the 1920’s with advisers, finance and material supplies did not become an instrument of the Moscow plans in China, but rather helped the Guomindang undermine these plans and form its own strategy of the unification of China.
This book will help specialists in social history, students and general readers interested in the history of China and Russia learn more about the subject.
This article is based upon newly discovered archival documents from the Russian Archives of Social and Political History (RGASPI), including Deng Xiaoping's personal files as well as personal files of his classmates. It thoroughly examines Deng Xiaoping's days in Moscow in 1926-27 when he took classes at Sun Yat-sen University - leading Comintern school of higher learning. The authors meticulously research ideological and political impact of the Bolshevik education on the future great Chinese reformer. They conclusively demonstrate that Deng's study in Moscow at the time when the New Economic Policy was emphasized in the USSR greatly enriched his Marxist views. It laid theoretical foundations for the imminent emergence of the so-called Socialism with Chinese Characteristics in the People's Republic of China.
The paper examines the structure, governance, and balance sheets of state-controlled banks in Russia, which accounted for over 55 percent of the total assets in the country's banking system in early 2012. The author offers a credible estimate of the size of the country's state banking sector by including banks that are indirectly owned by public organizations. Contrary to some predictions based on the theoretical literature on economic transition, he explains the relatively high profitability and efficiency of Russian state-controlled banks by pointing to their competitive position in such functions as acquisition and disposal of assets on behalf of the government. Also suggested in the paper is a different way of looking at market concentration in Russia (by consolidating the market shares of core state-controlled banks), which produces a picture of a more concentrated market than officially reported. Lastly, one of the author's interesting conclusions is that China provides a better benchmark than the formerly centrally planned economies of Central and Eastern Europe by which to assess the viability of state ownership of banks in Russia and to evaluate the country's banking sector.
The paper examines the principles for the supervision of financial conglomerates proposed by BCBS in the consultative document published in December 2011. Moreover, the article proposes a number of suggestions worked out by the authors within the HSE research team.