Хронология финансового права: хозяйственные ритмы и циклы
The article is describing the time in the financial law and legislation. Times and calendar are connecting in public economy and law. The author is offering to create the special economic calendar. It will be based on cycles of planning and reporting. The article concludes that the economic calendar will help to solve the problem of effectiveness of public expenditure and the political responsibility.
Incrementalism is a theory of the budgetary process which offers a realistic view at the state budgeting by taking into account the influence of political power on budget. This article presents the main provisions of incrementalism and the comments of its critics. The theory is evaluated as a basis for future researches as well.
The work deals with an acute issue of calculating time terms within which a civil law right is to be executed or enforced.
Article gives a description of the principles of budget law: as a whole, and each principle. The role of the common law and constitutional principles was shown. Author coherently defined the principles of establishing budget revenues and expenditures, the budget system's structure and the implementation of the budget process. For the first time in Russian scientific researches it was presented an integrated system of principles, including the principles of budget law, either related or not related to the budget legislation, however, derived from history, international experience, documents of international financial organizations and doctrinal sources.
The paper examines the structure, governance, and balance sheets of state-controlled banks in Russia, which accounted for over 55 percent of the total assets in the country's banking system in early 2012. The author offers a credible estimate of the size of the country's state banking sector by including banks that are indirectly owned by public organizations. Contrary to some predictions based on the theoretical literature on economic transition, he explains the relatively high profitability and efficiency of Russian state-controlled banks by pointing to their competitive position in such functions as acquisition and disposal of assets on behalf of the government. Also suggested in the paper is a different way of looking at market concentration in Russia (by consolidating the market shares of core state-controlled banks), which produces a picture of a more concentrated market than officially reported. Lastly, one of the author's interesting conclusions is that China provides a better benchmark than the formerly centrally planned economies of Central and Eastern Europe by which to assess the viability of state ownership of banks in Russia and to evaluate the country's banking sector.
We address the external effects on public sector efficiency measures acquired using Data Envelopment Analysis. We use the health care system in Russian regions in 2011 to evaluate modern approaches to accounting for external effects. We propose a promising method of correcting DEA efficiency measures. Despite the multiple advantages DEA offers, the usage of this approach carries with it a number of methodological difficulties. Accounting for multiple factors of efficiency calls for more complex methods, among which the most promising are DMU clustering and calculating local production possibility frontiers. Using regression models for estimate correction requires further study due to possible systematic errors during estimation. A mixture of data correction and DMU clustering together with multi-stage DEA seems most promising at the moment. Analyzing several stages of transforming society’s resources into social welfare will allow for picking out the weak points in a state agency’s work.