Эффективность государственных инвестиций в инфраструктуру и риски для бюджетной системы
Paper analyses the problem of public infrastructure investment efficiency, including prerequisites, budget risks, best practices of other countries and some ways of addressing this issue. First part compares cost of investment and resulting quality of infrastructure. On this basis author concludes that efficiency of investment in infrastructure in Russia is rather low compared with developed and some developing countries. Further paper examines prerequisites of this phenomenon. All effects are divided into two levels: operational (high costs of projects implementation) and strategic (inefficient decisions). Third part of the paper deals with impact of inefficient investment policy on budget risks. In particular, author looks at such decision as investing National Wealth Fund in infrastructure projects and analyses it using existing evidence on implementation of large infrastructure projects. The fourth part proposes ways to increase efficiency of investment and reduce the risk. Paper concludes that Russia has a great potential to foster efficiency of public investment in infrastructure, at the operational as well as at the strategic level. This will facilitate reduction of corresponding budget risks, in particular, risk of non-return and risk of value increase. The former will be realized through more accurate and objective project selection process. The latter will come into effect though the improvement of monitoring system.