An Agent Model of Crowd Behavior in Emergencies
An agent model of crowd (ensemble) behavior in emergencies was presented. This model is distinguished for the allowance for dynamics of each agent from the ensemble under consideration. The crowd effect manifests itself mostly as attraction or repulsion of closely set agents with a probability depending on the agent’s psychological type. Consideration was given to the effects associated with the crowd “turbulence.” Operation of the intelligent rescue agents was simulated. The impact of the configuration of spatial agent allocation on the dynamics of their evacuation in emergencies was analyzed. The influence of the intelligent rescue agents on the system was studied, and an adaptive procedure for training such agents was developed.
This article describes optimization of a multimodal passenger traffic system. The optimization method used is simulation modeling. The service level indicators, costs and financial indicators when changing configurations of the system are analyzed.
The importance of strategic management today is unquestionable. However, when strategizing the organization is often regarded as a single whole, differences in aims and areas of operation of its parts not being considered. This approach works for many organizations, but in the case of a distributed structure its parts may function in the markets which have different requirements, competition intensity and qualification of consumers. Besides, the departments of that organization may have different levels of development. In our present work we do not consider the whole range of distributed organizations, but concentrate on universities, as they have common characteristics with commercial organizations and, at the same time, are very specific in their rules and areas of development. We focus on developing a new modeling method for decision support while designing a balanced hierarchical strategy for distributed universities. This implies beginning from the strategy for the whole organization and moving on to development of individual strategies for its departments. Thus, the proposed method contains two parts: a sub-method to develop departmental strategies and a sub-method to calculate interaction among departments.
This article describes the proposed structure and semantics of the model which can be used in the both of sub-methods.
The purpose of developing a cognitive model has been defined as the construction and analysis of simulation models improve interaction between government and business. In line with this objective has been hypothesized that an increase in the efficiency of interaction between business and government increased the values of competition in politics and economics, which in turn are directly related to each other. The latter is not in doubt, since the state of competition in the economy is inextricably linked to the legislative machinery of antitrust restrictions, by which representative bodies suppress or support unfair competition.
This book constitutes the proceedings of the Workshops held at the International Conference on Social Informatics, SocInfo 2014, which took place in Barcelona, Spain, in November 2014. This year SocInfo 2014 included nine satellite workshops: the City Labs Workshop, the Workshop on Criminal Network Analysis and Mining, CRIMENET, the Workshop on Interaction and Exchange in Social Media, DYAD, the Workshop on Exploration of Games and Gamers, EGG, the Workshop on HistoInformatics, the Workshop on Socio-Economic Dynamics, Networks and Agent-based Models, SEDNAM, the Workshop on Social Influence, SI, the Workshop on Social Scientists Working with Start-Ups and the Workshop on Social Media in Crowdsourcing and Human Computation, SoHuman.
Authors provide the substantiation of logistic profitability indicator introduction for problem-solving concern the evaluation of logistic system performance, incl. inventory management system.
In 2006, Russia amended its competition law and added the concepts of ‘collective dominance’ and its abuse. This was seen as an attempt to address the common problem of ‘conscious parallelism’ among firms in concentrated industries. Critics feared that the enforcement of this provision would become tantamount to government regulation of prices. In this paper we examine the enforcement experience to date, looking especially closely at sanctions imposed on firms in the oil industry. Some difficulties and complications experienced in enforcement are analysed, and some alternative strategies for addressing anticompetitive behaviour in concentrated industries discussed.
This article is talking about state management and cultural policy, their nature and content in term of the new tendency - development of postindustrial society. It mentioned here, that at the moment cultural policy is the base of regional political activity and that regions can get strong competitive advantage if they are able to implement cultural policy successfully. All these trends can produce elements of new economic development.