An Agent Model of Crowd Behavior in Emergencies
An agent model of crowd (ensemble) behavior in emergencies was presented. This model is distinguished for the allowance for dynamics of each agent from the ensemble under consideration. The crowd effect manifests itself mostly as attraction or repulsion of closely set agents with a probability depending on the agent’s psychological type. Consideration was given to the effects associated with the crowd “turbulence.” Operation of the intelligent rescue agents was simulated. The impact of the configuration of spatial agent allocation on the dynamics of their evacuation in emergencies was analyzed. The influence of the intelligent rescue agents on the system was studied, and an adaptive procedure for training such agents was developed.