«Городское молчание» в Москве: предпосылки и вовлеченность населения в практики гражданского общества
The paper aims at assessing the extent to which Moscow residents can keep city silence - an urban life phenomenon describing the passivity of people and their unwillingness to come together for joint actions. The paper is based on the data of the civilc society monitoring which is carried out by the Centere for Studies of Civil Society and the Non-Pprofit Sector of the National Research University Higher School of Economics. The level of involvement of the Moscow residents in offline and online civil society practices are considered in the article. The results of the surveys conducted among Moscow residents are compared with the all-Russian data including different types of settlements. The authors conclude that there are no grounds to describe for characterising the public activism of the Muscovites as a “city silence”. However, further efforts to create favourable and accessible environment for manifesting social activism as a resource of urban development are needed.
The December protests in Moscow do not represent a “Russian Spring,” “Orange Revolution,” or new version of Perestroika. Rather they have more in common with the Progressive movement that fought corruption in the U.S. during the early part of the twentieth century. The demonstrations made clear that Russian citizens now want to play an active role in their country’s political life.
Several approaches to the concept of fatherhood present in Western sociological tradition are analyzed and compared: biological determinism, social constructivism and biosocial theory. The problematics of fatherhood and men’s parental practices is marginalized in modern Russian social research devoted to family and this fact makes the traditional inequality in family relations, when the father’s role is considered secondary compared to that of mother, even stronger. However, in Western critical men’s studies several stages can be outlined: the development of “sex roles” paradigm (biological determinism), the emergence of the hegemonic masculinity concept, inter-disciplinary stage (biosocial theory). According to the approach of biological determinism, the role of a father is that of the patriarch, he continues the family line and serves as a model for his ascendants. Social constructivism looks into man’s functions in the family from the point of view of masculine pressure and establishing hegemony over a woman and children. Biosocial theory aims to unite the biological determinacy of fatherhood with social, cultural and personal context. It is shown that these approaches are directly connected with the level of the society development, marriage and family perceptions, the level of egality of gender order.
This article is talking about state management and cultural policy, their nature and content in term of the new tendency - development of postindustrial society. It mentioned here, that at the moment cultural policy is the base of regional political activity and that regions can get strong competitive advantage if they are able to implement cultural policy successfully. All these trends can produce elements of new economic development.