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Постановка и достижение целей как фактор психологического благополучия

The process of goal setting and attainment, as well as the role of their content, in the framework of psychological well-being is considered. We review of a number of Western empirical studies aimed at understanding this relationship, especially in the framework of self-determination theory (SDT). The concepts of internal and external goals are introduced. The role of universal basic needs in the process of goal-setting is highlighted. Goal contents theory is presented. The concept of goal self-concordance (K. Sheldon) is introduced as a predictive factor of both goal attainment and subjective well-being.