• A
  • A
  • A
  • ABC
  • ABC
  • ABC
  • А
  • А
  • А
  • А
  • А
Regular version of the site

Article

Effective Mineral Coatings for Hardening the Surface of Metallic Materials

Russian Metallurgy (Metally). 2015. No. 7. P. 558-564.
Kislov S. V., Kislov V. G., Skazochkin A. V., Bondarenko G., Tikhonov А. N.
The structural changes that occur in the surface and surface layers of steel 20Kh13 and titanium alloy PT3V (Russian designation) samples after each stage of hardening due to a formed mineral surface layer are studied by optical microscopy, transmission electron microscopy, and scanning electron microscopy. Electric spark alloying, pressing, and ultrasonic processing are used to reach the effect of volume compression of the base metal and the mineral in the plastic deformation zone. As a result, applied mineral particles concentrate in preliminarily created microvoids in a thin surface layer. The surface layer thus modified acquires
a high hardness and wear resistance. Durometry shows that the hardness of the processed sample surfaces increases more than twofold. Therefore, the developed technology of creating a mineral coating can be used to increase the tribological properties of the surfaces of the parts, units, and mechanisms of turbine, pump, and mining equipment, which undergo intense wear during operation.