Паттерны культурного потребления глухих и слабослышащих: инклюзия или изоляция?
This article focuses on the cultural consumption of people with hearing loss. It includes three components: practices, preferences and motives, which, connecting in sustainable combinations, build patterns. The study of these patterns of cultural consumption is interesting in the context of, first, ensuring equal access to the culture instruments for all people, and, second, the existence of "deaf culture", which may be the single cultural landmark for many deaf and hard of hearing people.
Key models identified in this quantitative study of Moscow deaf young people are patterns of cultural inclusion, cultural isolation and passive cultural consumption. The study shows that the degree of hearing loss is not a major dominant, defining a person's choice of cultural consumption. In families with a high level of accumulated cultural capital, hearing impaired children will more likely focus on cultural inclusion and integration into the wider cultural context.