Response of Graphene Based Gated Nanodevices Exposed to THz Radiation
In this work we report on the response of asymetric graphene based devices to subterahertz and terahertz radiation. Our devices are made in a configuration of a field-effect tranistor with conduction channel between the source and drain electrodes formed with a VD-grown graphene. The radiation is coupled through a spiral antenna to source and top gate electrodes. Room temperature responsivity of our devices is close to the values that are attractive for commercial applications. Further optimization of the device configuration may result in appearance of novel terahertz radiation detectors.
Condensation of pairs formed by spatially separated electrons and holes in a system of two isolated graphene layers is studied beyond the mean-field approximation. Suppression of the screening of the pairing interaction at large distances, caused by the appearance of the gap, is considered self-consistently. A mutual positive feedback between the appearance of the gap and the enlargement of the interaction leads to a sharp transition to a correlated state with a greatly increased gap above some critical value of the coupling strength. At a coupling strength below the critical value, this correlation effect increases the gap approximately by a factor of 2. The maximal coupling strength achievable in experiments is close to the critical value. This indicates the importance of correlation effects in closely spaced graphene bilayers at weak substrate dielectric screening. Another effect beyond the mean-field approximation considered is the influence of vertex corrections on the pairing, which is shown to be very weak.
Many-body effects on quantum capacitance, compressibility, renormalized Fermi velocity, kinetic and interaction energies of massless Dirac electrons in graphene, induced by the Coulomb interactions, are analyzed theoretically in the first-order, Hartree-Fock and random phase approximations. Recent experimental data on quantum capacitance and renormalized Fermi velocity are analyzed and compared with the theory. The bare Fermi velocity and the effective dielectric constants are obtained from the experimental data. A combined effect of Coulomb interactions and Gaussian fluctuations of disorder potential is considered.
The optical properties of graphene-based structures are discissed. The universal optical absorption in graphene is reviewed. The photonic band structure and transmission of graphene-based photonic crystals are considered. The spectra of plasmon and magnetoplasmon excitations in graphene layers and grapehene nanoribbons (GNR) are analyzed. The localization of the electromagnetic waves in the photonic crystals with defects, which play a role of waveguide, is studied. Properties of plasmons and magnetoplasmons in graphene layers and GNR are reviewed. The surface plasmon amplification by stimulated emission of radiation with the net amplification of surface plasmons in the doped GNR is described. The minimal population inversion per unit area needed for the net amplification of plasmons in a doped GNR is reported. The various applications of graphene for photonics and optoelectronics are reviewed. The tunability of photonic and plasmonic properties of various graphene structures by doping achieved by applying the gate voltage is discussed.
The thermodynamical potential of a superconducting quantum cylinder is calculated. The dependence of the critical temperature and the heat capacity of a superconducting system of the surface concentration of electrons and on the radius of the nanotube is studied.
Overview This book concisely presents the latest trends in the physics of superconductivity and superfluidity and magnetismin novel systems, as well as the problem of BCS-BEC crossover in ultracold quantum gases and high-Tc superconductors. It further illuminates the intensive exchange of ideas between these closely related fields of condensed matter physics over the last 30 years of their dynamic development. The content is based on the author’s original findings obtained at the Kapitza Institute, as well as advanced lecture courses he held at the Moscow Engineering Physical Institute, Amsterdam University, Loughborough University and LPTMS Orsay between 1994 and 2011. In addition to the findings of his group, the author discusses the most recent concepts in these fields, obtained both in Russia and in the West. The book consists of 16 chapters which are divided into four parts. The first part describes recent developments in superfluid hydrodynamics of quantum fluids and solids, including the fashionable subject of possible supersolidity in quantum crystals of 4He, while the second describes BCS-BEC crossover in quantum Fermi-Bose gases and mixtures, as well as in the underdoped states of cuprates. The third part is devoted to non-phonon mechanisms of superconductivity in unconventional (anomalous) superconductors, including some important aspects of the theory of high-Tc superconductivity. |The last part considers the anomalous normal state of novel superconductive materials and materials with colossal magnetoresistance (CMR). The book offers a valuable guide for senior-level undergraduate students and graduate students, postdoctoral and other researchers specializing in solid-state and low-temperature physics.
The problem of designing stabilizing resonator (SR) for a 4-mm wavelengths range coaxial magnetron with low level of output power has been considered. The recommendations for choosen the coaxial resonator external to internal diameter relations depending on technical project requirements are developed.
This volume presents new results in the study and optimization of information transmission models in telecommunication networks using different approaches, mainly based on theiries of queueing systems and queueing networks .
The paper provides a number of proposed draft operational guidelines for technology measurement and includes a number of tentative technology definitions to be used for statistical purposes, principles for identification and classification of potentially growing technology areas, suggestions on the survey strategies and indicators. These are the key components of an internationally harmonized framework for collecting and interpreting technology data that would need to be further developed through a broader consultation process. A summary of definitions of technology already available in OECD manuals and the stocktaking results are provided in the Annex section.