Lernen von den Besten? Steuerung und Nutzung von Leistungsvergleichen in europäischen Verwaltungen
The way that local authorities in OECD countries compare and benchmark their performance varies widely. This paper explains some of the reasons behind the variations. The current local government benchmarking schemes in Europe? their governance, coverage and impact?largely depend on the institutional characteristics of the respective administrative and local government systems (in other words, the starting conditions). There are signs that, as a result of the fiscal crisis in Europe and need to cut public sector costs, many countries (but not England and Wales) are leaning towards compulsory large-scale benchmarking projects.
Problems of an estimation of quality of logistical service are considered. Influence of logistical service on efficiency of business of the company is analysed. The scheme of construction of expectations of consumers of logistical services is offered and components of measurement of quality of service are defined. The Gap-model of Zeithaml of an estimation of quality of service is adapted for logistics problems. The technique of construction of dependence of logistical service (percent of ideally executed orders) from total operational expenses is considered. The model of approximation of the fact sheet of dynamics of an expense/degree of service »for a finding of balance and construction of the budget of service of logistics is offered.
The purpose of the paper is to reveal factors that may have importance for Russian oil-extracting companies’ sufficiency and investments appeal. At the emerging markets, due to asymmetric information and lack of transparency, investors can make adequate conclusions on their investments in a special company only if they know and understand correctly its business model. If a company demonstrates the steady growth of indicators and ratios that have a substantial importance for its current and potential investors, it has better opportunities to raise funding for its projects. The company’s management may analyze the dynamics of these indicators and make efforts to increase the efficiency.
For oil-extracting companies, that form the basis of the modern Russian economy, the problem of efficiency and investments appeal growth is very important due to the business specifics – the prevalence of fixed assets in assets structure, the high dependence on the natural conditions of extracting, from one hand, and on the market prices, from the other one. It is important to benchmark the efficiency and to concentrate managerial efforts on its leading factors.
To reveal the factors of efficiency, DuPont analysis was made. The sample was formed from the companies that were included at «The Energy Intelligence Top 100: Ranking The World’s Oil Companies 2012». The sample consists of 41 companies, that are included also at «FT Global 500 December 2012». 7 of the companies in the sample represent Russia, others are from different countries of the world. The financial data was collected for the period of 2008-2012. On the base of the regression analysis the impact of factors on the ROE (return on equity) was investigated. Then the best and the worst companies were defined for the purpose of benchmarking of the Russian companies. The managerial recommendations were made on the base of the benchmarking.
The book contains selected revised papers from the 21st NISPAcee Annual conference "Regionalization and Inter-regional Cooperation", Belgrade, Serbia, 16-18 May 2013, organized in cooperation with the Faculty of Organizational Sciences, University of Belgrade, Belgrade, Serbia.
This SFI pamphlet provides a Policy Briefing on the critical and ubiquitous role being performed by benchmarking in public services both in the UK and internationally. It complements and partly draws on a special issue of Public Money and Management edited by me and Alan Fenna which also addresses these issues, and which includes some overlapping material treated in greater depth, and with comprehensive references (see Public services benchmarking and external performance assessment: An international perspective. Guest editors: Clive Grace and Alan Fenna (Vol. 33, No. 4, 2013) at http://www.tandfonline.com/r/pmm-benchmarking).
Smoking is a problem, bringing signifi cant social and economic costs to Russiansociety. However, ratifi cation of the World health organization Framework conventionon tobacco control makes it possible to improve Russian legislation accordingto the international standards. So, I describe some measures that should be taken bythe Russian authorities in the nearest future, and I examine their effi ciency. By studyingthe international evidence I analyze the impact of the smoke-free areas, advertisementand sponsorship bans, tax increases, etc. on the prevalence of smoking, cigaretteconsumption and some other indicators. I also investigate the obstacles confrontingthe Russian authorities when they introduce new policy measures and the public attitudetowards these measures. I conclude that there is a number of easy-to-implementanti-smoking activities that need no fi nancial resources but only a political will.
One of the most important indicators of company's success is the increase of its value. The article investigates traditional methods of company's value assessment and the evidence that the application of these methods is incorrect in the new stage of economy. So it is necessary to create a new method of valuation based on the new main sources of company's success that is its intellectual capital.
The article is devoted to the study of the authoritarianism prevalent in the mass consciousness of Russians. The article describes a new approach to the consideration of the authoritarian syndrome as the effects of the cultural trauma as a result of political and socio-cultural transformation of society. The article shows the dynamics of the symptoms of the authoritarianism, which appear in the mass consciousness of Russians from 1993 to 2011. This paper proposes a package of measures aimed at reducing the level of the authoritarianism in Russian society.
This work looks at a model of spatial election competition with two candidates who can spend effort in order to increase their popularity through advertisement. It is shown that under certain condition the political programs of the candidates will be different. The work derives the comparative statics of equilibrium policy platform and campaign spending with respect the distribution of voter policy preferences and the proportionality of the electoral system. In particular, it is whown that the equilibrium does not exist if the policy preferences are distributed over too narrow an interval.
The article examines "regulatory requirements" as a subject of state control over business in Russia. The author deliberately does not use the term "the rule of law". The article states that a set of requirements for business is wider than the legislative regulation.
First, the article analyzes the regulatory nature of the requirements, especially in the technical field. The requirements are considered in relation to the rule of law. The article explores approaches to the definition of regulatory requirements in Russian legal science. The author analyzes legislation definitions for a set of requirements for business. The author concludes that regulatory requirements are not always identical to the rule of law. Regulatory requirements are a set of obligatory requirements for entrepreneurs’ economic activity. Validation failure leads to negative consequences.
Second, the article analyzes the problems of the regulatory requirements in practice. Lack of information about the requirements, their irrelevance and inconsistency are problems of the regulatory requirements in Russia.
Many requirements regulating economic activity are not compatible with the current development level of science and technology. The problems are analyzed on the basis of the Russian judicial practice and annual monitoring reports by Higher School of Economics.
Finally, the author provides an approach to the possible solution of the regulatory requirements’ problem. The author proposes to create a nationwide Internet portal about regulatory requirements. The portal should contain full information about all regulatory requirements. The author recommends extending moratorium on the use of the requirements adopted by the bodies and organizations of the former USSR government.