Роль письма в современном университете: анализ зарубежной практики обучения академическому письму
Th e paper raises the issue of the importance of academic literacy development in a University setting. Academic literacy theory is contextualized, along with theoretical and practical academic writing frameworks, by using the cases of American and European Universities. An attempt is made to explain why academic writing (in Russian as well as in English) is a key academic literacy component and how it should be eff ectively integrated into the University curriculum.
The book is intended for undergraduate and graduate students of the Higher School of Economics. Its main objective is developing academic skills, namely enriching students’ academic vocabulary, which is an integral part of their professional education. Being able to use appropriate academic vocabulary in writing is essential for this kind of activity.
Developing Academic Literacy correlates with the book Academic Vocabulary in Use by Michael McCarthy and Felicity O’Dell (Cambridge University Press, 2008) and can be used as a source of additional exercises to practice topics covered there. Out of 50 units presented in this book we have chosen 45 which are of particular importance for the context of the National Research University. However, each unit of the present book contains not only practical exercises but also a theoretical part explaining the use of studied lexical units. Thus, the book can be used independently. As each unit covers a different lexical topic, the units can be studied in any order.
The tasks are aimed at both recognizing the lexis (on its own and within short contexts) and using it. The exercises comprise such tasks as matching words with their definitions, synonyms, antonyms, completing sentences with appropriate words, matching parts of sentences. Special attention is paid to collocations in academic context. The illustrative examples have mostly been taken from the British National Corpus, the Corpus of Contemporary American English and monolingual English dictionaries.
The book can be used both in class and individually. The exercises are provided with the Key, which allows students to check their answers, and, thus, makes the book suitable for self-study purposes. The book is provided with the Resource bank, which consists of abstracts from academic articles. All the abstracts contain lexical units studied in the book and can be used as a source of additional exercises by a teacher or self-check material by a student.
The article focuses on developing academic literacy in an English for Academic Purposes course. It reviews different approaches to teaching academic writing and shows that the "reading-to-write" approach might be the most effective one. The paper also identifies some difficulties that Russian students are likely to have due to a low level of native language academic skills and suggests ways to overcome them.
Internationalization of the modern system of education poses multiple challenges for students. Not only does this process provide them with new opportunities, such as continuing education abroad at the master’s level, but it also establishes requirements to be aware of the academic conventions different from those they learn at the bachelor’s level at a Russian university. Awareness of academic conventions implies not simply theoretical knowledge of the Western higher education system but also acquisition of practical tools that will facilitate students’ ability to integrate their knowledge into a new academic environment. One of the most essential tools for students is undoubtedly academic English. However, academic English skills development frequently leads to the situation that can be metaphorically called ‘dual academic personality,’ when students have to be able to quickly switch from one academic style to another depending on the educational context. Firstly, this paper will examine differences between Russian and Western academic writing conventions (focusing on the requirements to a BA research project), Then main difficulties and typical mistakes in academic legal writing in English made by Higher School of Economics students will be analyzed.
Th e aim of the study is to explore the levels of reading literacy of Russian fi rst-year university students both in Russian and in English in a bilingual learning environment. We have developed an instrument using PISA reading literacy test in order to assess reading skills and reading literacy of students in their native and foreign languages. Th e study reveals that reading literacy levels in Russian is higher than in English, yet it reaches the highest levels of text interpretation and evaluation in neither of the languages.
As a result of Russia’s efforts to join the global academic community, key professional competencies in higher education must be reevaluated. The main aim of this article is to explore the role of writing within a foreign university setting, as well as to study the current approach to teaching writing at the National Research University Higher School of Economics. The results of our study reveal that, despite the increasing importance of academic writing and all related sub-skills, there is little evidence that the development of writing skills receives proper attention within the NRU HSE. The paper concludes with some ideas on how to better integrate academic writing into the broader university curriculum.
The paper is focused on the study of reaction of italian literature critics on the publication of the Boris Pasternak's novel "Doctor Jivago". The analysys of the book ""Doctor Jivago", Pasternak, 1958, Italy" (published in Russian language in "Reka vremen", 2012, in Moscow) is given. The papers of italian writers, critics and historians of literature, who reacted immediately upon the publication of the novel (A. Moravia, I. Calvino, F.Fortini, C. Cassola, C. Salinari ecc.) are studied and analised.
In the article the patterns of the realization of emotional utterances in dialogic and monologic speech are described. The author pays special attention to the characteristic features of the speech of a speaker feeling psychic tension and to the compositional-pragmatic peculiarities of dialogic and monologic text.