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Article

Правила поведения в советской школе. Часть 2: Слово учителя в устах государства

Soviet school rules are treated in this article as a part of the pre-revolutionary school tradition and simultaneously as a representation of the image of Soviet schoolchild. In this second part of the article the content of a corpus of 21 rules printed in the USSR (1937—1941) on behalf of particular schools is discussed. Rules of conduct cannot be used as a direct evidence for the disciplinary practice. But within corpus of similar rules variability in content and wording allows to observe patterns of choice made by rule compilers which let us reconstruct their logic of disciplinary thinking. Choice made by rule compilers on a several distinct levels is analyzed. At the level of choice of domain for rule application (a set of everyday situations where school rules apply) less expansion onto the child's out-of-school activities was found than may be expected of Soviet school. Choice at the level of details emphasized in the rules — interpreted as a more or less attention paid to the form of social conduct — was found to be an instrument providing Soviet school disciplinary practice with some flexibility. Finally, analysis of choice at the level of rule wording reveals repercussions of everyday conflicts preserved in the form of prohibitions and threats.