Iskra: A Tool for Process Model Repair
This paper is dedicated to a tool whose aim is to facilitate process mining experiments and evaluation of the repair algorithms. Process mining is a set of approaches which provides solutions and algorithms for discovery and analysis of business process models based on event logs. Process mining has three main areas of interest: model discovery, conformance checking and enhancement. The paper focuses on the latter. The goal of enhancement process is to refine an existing process model in order to make it adhere event logs. The particular approach of enhancement considered in the paper is called decomposed model repair. Although the paper is devoted to the implementation part of the approach, theoretical preliminaries essential for domain understanding are provided. Moreover, a typical use case of the tool is shown as well as guides to extending the tool and enriching it with extra algorithms and functionality. Finally, other solutions which can be used for implementation of repair schemes are considered, pros and cons of using them are mentioned.
Concepts of the theory of algorithmic languages and methods of broadcasting and also processing of data and their organization are considered. Statement of material is followed by practical examples. The grant is intended for students of the higher educational institutions studying in the Applied Mathematics and Applied Mathematics and Informatics directions. Contains the subjects studied in disciplines "The theory of computing processes and structures", "The theory of algorithmic languages", "Mathematical fundamentals of informatics". It can be used as lecture material, on a practical training, when performing course and theses and also as means of self-education
Monitoring and analyzing the operation of enterprises is a key capability of Governance, Risk, and Compliance (GRC) solutions and is relevant for high-risk organizations, such as financial services. The potential of state-of-the-art process mining (data-driven process analysis) is limited by quality issues with transactional data registration and extraction. A novel approach is proposed to address these challenges: the Enterprise Operational Analysis (EOA) founded in DEMO and the Enterprise Operating System (EOS). The EOS is a software system based on enterprise engineering, and stores, interprets, and executes DEMO models as native source code. The EOS provides workflow-like capabilities and supports EOA. Combining the EOS with state-of-the-art process mining offers the following advantages: guaranteed completeness of analysis, elimination of ‘mining’ for events, facilitating process conformance checking, analysis on various levels of granularity from various perspectives. It enables enterprises to systematically analyze, improve and deploy business procedures. A professional business case is analyzed. © Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2015.
This monograph is the collection of the selected papers from Gdańsk EuroSymposium 2015 on SAND – Systems Analysis and Design. SAND is the classical field of research and education in the area of management information systems (MIS) or, as it is called more frequently in Europe – Business Informatics, almost from its origins. The objective of the EuroSymposium on Systems Analysis and Design is to promote and develop high quality research on all issues related to SAND. It provides a forum forSANDresearchers and practitioners in Europe and beyond to interact, collaborate, and develop their field. Therefore, there were three organizers of the 8th EuroSymposium on Systems Analysis and Design: – SIGSAND – Special Interest Group on Systems Analysis and Design of AIS, – PLAIS – Polish Chapter of AIS, – Department of Business Informatics of University of Gdansk, Poland.
Prediction of the duration of a repair and maintenance project of a gas transport system is an important part of planning activities. There exist numerous sources of uncertainties that may result in time overruns possibly leading to multiple negative consequences. Our experience in planning this work suggests that accepting the stochastic nature of the project duration is a constructive step towards the preparedness to contingencies and defining penalties for repair companies. To support this approach, one needs to construct probability distributions of the durations of the projects. To address the issue of the scarcity of observed data, we suggest using a bootstrap resampling procedure. Gram-Charlier functions and order statistics are employed to approximate the distributions. It is demonstrated how to derive them for a separate repair project and a larger project consisting of a number of concurrently running subprojects. Following this, guidance is provided on how to decide about what duration should define the deadline for completion of the whole work. A simple example is provided.
The issue contains papers accepted for presentation at the 10th Spring/Summer Young Researchers’ Colloquium on Software Engineering (SYRCoSE 2016) held in Krasnovidovo, Mozhaysky District, Moscow Oblast, Russia on May 30-June 1, 2016. The paper selection was based on originality and contributions to the field. Each paper was peer-reviewed by at least three referees.
The colloquium’s topics include programming languages, software development tools, embedded and cyber-physical systems, software and hardware verification, formal methods, information security, and others.
An Approach to Business Process Reengineering Based on the Integration of Methods of Processes Mining and Domain Specific Modelling Abstract: An approach to business process reengineering on the basis of integration of DSM platform and Process Mining tools is offered. Implementation of the integrated tools allows to reduce laboriousness of analysts work, to provide close rapport between specialists.
Process mining is a relatively new field of computer science, which deals with process discovery and analysis based on event logs. In this paper we consider the problem of models and event logs conformance checking. Conformance checking is intensively studied in the frame of process mining research, but only models and event logs of the same granularity were considered in the literature. Here we present and justify the method of checking conformance between a high-level model (e.g. built by an expert) and a low-level log (generated by a system).
A model for organizing cargo transportation between two node stations connected by a railway line which contains a certain number of intermediate stations is considered. The movement of cargo is in one direction. Such a situation may occur, for example, if one of the node stations is located in a region which produce raw material for manufacturing industry located in another region, and there is another node station. The organization of freight traﬃc is performed by means of a number of technologies. These technologies determine the rules for taking on cargo at the initial node station, the rules of interaction between neighboring stations, as well as the rule of distribution of cargo to the ﬁnal node stations. The process of cargo transportation is followed by the set rule of control. For such a model, one must determine possible modes of cargo transportation and describe their properties. This model is described by a ﬁnite-dimensional system of diﬀerential equations with nonlocal linear restrictions. The class of the solution satisfying nonlocal linear restrictions is extremely narrow. It results in the need for the “correct” extension of solutions of a system of diﬀerential equations to a class of quasi-solutions having the distinctive feature of gaps in a countable number of points. It was possible numerically using the Runge–Kutta method of the fourth order to build these quasi-solutions and determine their rate of growth. Let us note that in the technical plan the main complexity consisted in obtaining quasi-solutions satisfying the nonlocal linear restrictions. Furthermore, we investigated the dependence of quasi-solutions and, in particular, sizes of gaps (jumps) of solutions on a number of parameters of the model characterizing a rule of control, technologies for transportation of cargo and intensity of giving of cargo on a node station.
Event logs collected by modern information and technical systems usually contain enough data for automated process models discovery. A variety of algorithms was developed for process models discovery, conformance checking, log to model alignment, comparison of process models, etc., nevertheless a quick analysis of ad-hoc selected parts of a journal still have not get a full-fledged implementation. This paper describes an ROLAP-based method of multidimensional event logs storage for process mining. The result of the analysis of the journal is visualized as directed graph representing the union of all possible event sequences, ranked by their occurrence probability. Our implementation allows the analyst to discover process models for sublogs defined by ad-hoc selection of criteria and value of occurrence probability
The geographic information system (GIS) is based on the first and only Russian Imperial Census of 1897 and the First All-Union Census of the Soviet Union of 1926. The GIS features vector data (shapefiles) of allprovinces of the two states. For the 1897 census, there is information about linguistic, religious, and social estate groups. The part based on the 1926 census features nationality. Both shapefiles include information on gender, rural and urban population. The GIS allows for producing any necessary maps for individual studies of the period which require the administrative boundaries and demographic information.
Existing approaches suggest that IT strategy should be a reflection of business strategy. However, actually organisations do not often follow business strategy even if it is formally declared. In these conditions, IT strategy can be viewed not as a plan, but as an organisational shared view on the role of information systems. This approach generally reflects only a top-down perspective of IT strategy. So, it can be supplemented by a strategic behaviour pattern (i.e., more or less standard response to a changes that is formed as result of previous experience) to implement bottom-up approach. Two components that can help to establish effective reaction regarding new initiatives in IT are proposed here: model of IT-related decision making, and efficiency measurement metric to estimate maturity of business processes and appropriate IT. Usage of proposed tools is demonstrated in practical cases.