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Article

Жанровое своеобразие англоязычного политического дискурса: сравнительный анализ победных и инаугурационных речей Барака Обамы

Recently there has been a significant amount of research in the fields of discourse and genre. However, a more complete description of the genre peculiarities of political discourse is needed, which is why in this article one more genre of political discourse is singled out – the genre of president’s victory speech.

The functional description of inaugural addresses made by Sheygal E.I. serves as a basis of the description in question. The comparative analysis of two genres – the inaugural address and the victory speech – is carried out. It has turned out that both genres are similar in the following functions: integrative, inspirative and performative. In addition, the list of the shared functions can be extended by an interdiscursive function, which consists in implicit and explicit referring to predecessors’ discourses and in appealing to common knowledge shared by the author and the audience.

Nevertheless, a number of differences between two genres in question can be seen. For example, following the Sheygal’s ideas, inaugural addresses also fulfill a declarative function as they contain a considerable amount of didactic information. In contrast, victory speeches are characterized by a more significant degree of expressivity, which gives decisive influence on stylistic characteristic of words. That is why one can single out the expressive function of victory speeches.

The overview on the functions of victory speeches and inaugural addresses is supported by examples taken from Barack Obama’s discourse.