Результаты обучения в высшем образовании на национальном уровне на примере проекта "Оценка результатов обучения в высшем образовании" (CLA)
We discuss the interpretation of the concept of “learning outcomes”. Theoretical analysis widely represents the interpretations of the learning outcomes of a high school student: academic skills: understanding, application of knowledge to solve problems, synthesis, analysis and evaluation; basic skills and basic knowledge, and skills of a higher order and advanced knowledge; skills of a higher order represented as a system of critical thinking, analytic reasoning, problem solving and written communication; wide abilities interpreted as verbal, quantitative and spatial thinking, understanding, problem solving and decision making. We conclude that each considered approach distinguishes meta-subjective skills, i.e. skills to interact with the quality of information regardless of the context. The ability to measure the meta-skills is discussed on an example of the “Collegiate learning assessment”, realized in the United States.
AMT 2013 is the most comprehensive conference focused on the various aspects of advances in Advanced Measurement and Test. The conference provides a chance for academic and industry professionals to discuss recent progress in the area of Advanced Measurement and Test. The goal of AMT2013 is to bring together the researchers from academia and industry as well as practitioners to share ideas, problems and solutions relating to the multifaceted aspects of Advanced Measurement and Test.
An IT security vulnerability can be considered as an inherent weakness in a target system that could be exploited by a threat source. The underlying hypothesis in our proposal is that each identified attribute associated with the target entity to be controlled should show the highest quality satisfaction level as an elementary indicator. The higher the quality indicator value achieved per each attribute, the lower the vulnerability indicator value and therefore the potential impact from the risk standpoint. In the present work, we discuss the added value of supporting the IT security and risk assessment areas with measurement and evaluation (M&E) methods and strategy, which are based on metrics and indicators. Also we illustrate excerpts of an M&E case study for characteristics and attributes of Security, and their potential risk assessment.
The aim of the research was to find factors that allow students effectively use Internet. Study consisted of two parts. Questionnaires were filled by 159 1-3 year undergraduate students of NB SU-HSE. Interview was carried out with 7 undergraduate students of NB SU HSE and 7 IT specialists. Questionnaire had three parts: purpose of Internet use; motivation of Internet use (based on inventory by Arestova, Babanin and Voyskunsky); psychological states in the process of using Internet (based on the inventory FPS by Chirkov). Three hypotheses were tested in the study. Hypothesis 1 was confirmed: students' leading motive while using Internet is a cognitive motive and the main goal - search for information. Hypothesis 2 was confirmed by cluster analysis: students experience dysfunctional states while using Internet. Hypothesis 3 was not confirmed: there are no differences in students' and IT specialists' search strategies.
The article describes ways of using formative assessment in competence-based education to increase students' motivation for learning.
The article presents ways to optimise ELT in higher education in conjuction with the new Russian federal Educational Standards based on competence-based education.
Value of higher education. Opinions of representatives of families with children on the value of education. A survey of the «Public Opinion» Foundation A review of results of a Russian household survey in which there were analyzed the influence of education, profession, and career status of the parents, domicile, material and cultural resources of the family on the education strategies of children, as well as the extent, structure, and incentives of the education activity of adults.
The distractive effects on attentional task performance in different paradigms are analyzed in this paper. I demonstrate how distractors may negatively affect (interference effect), positively (redundancy effect) or neutrally (null effect). Distractor effects described in literature are classified in accordance with their hypothetical source. The general rule of the theory is also introduced. It contains the formal prediction of the particular distractor effect, based on entropy and redundancy measures from the mathematical theory of communication (Shannon, 1948). Single- vs dual-process frameworks are considered for hypothetical mechanisms which underpin the distractor effects. Distractor profiles (DPs) are also introduced for the formalization and simple visualization of experimental data concerning the distractor effects. Typical shapes of DPs and their interpretations are discussed with examples from three frequently cited experiments. Finally, the paper introduces hierarchical hypothesis that states the level-fashion modulating interrelations between distractor effects of different classes.