Создание органа по управлению государственной службой, как инструмента унификации правового регулирования видов и уровней государственной службы
There are results of a legal comparative analysis of legal regulation of the civil service types related to state guaranties (social protection) for civil servants in the article (namely: remuneration of labor and remunerative incentives, discharge of an administrative contract and re-engagement due to attainment of the maximum service age, provision of housing, pension protection). The article makes it clear that the legal regulation of civil servants’ status, state guaranties, rights and duties, restrictions are not enough to comply with the Civil Service Consistency Principle. The main reason for the misbalances and discrepancies of the social protection regulation, depending on civil service types, is redundant powers of different state authorities, starting with the top of the vertical of power- the President of Russia. These powers are implemented in a random way and disorder civil service management. Perspectives of the legal regulation unification of civil service in the area of social protection are under consideration in the article - reception and extrapolation (unification) of legal instruments for the civil service types and levels (federal and regional). The argument for the necessity to set up a Federal Civil Service Body is the need of an organizational provision of reception and unification of legal instruments. The need of redundant powers handover to the Civil Service Body is proved. The respective offers are presented: the centrally managed Civil Service Body, its immediate subordination to the RF president, different forms of civil society participation in its management (e.g. personnel matters).
This monograph aims at analyzing the minimum wage and 'effective contract' legislation in international context, taking into account both historical and modern peculiarities in general and with a particular emphasis on public service. This analysis being performed from a comparative viewpoint, allowed the authors to assess the legislative amendments suggested by the legislator against the labour legislation currently in force. It has also helped to throw light onto the gaps and conflicts in the minimum wage and 'effective contract' regulation and common errors in its enforcement. The authors formulated their own suggestions concerning further legislation development in this field. This monograph was prepared with information support of the "ConsultantPlus" electronic legal database system.
There is a number of deficiencies in the current Russian state system of substitution of the increased material and physiological expenditures by civil servants who work in the regions of the Far North or in the areas equated with those in the Far North; who work in the regions of unfavorable climate and ecology; or in the remote regions; or high in the mountains or in arid deserts. They are related to the coefficients disproportions of the regional regulation of civil servants' labor payment, which depends on the type of public service, on the absence of a common system of coefficients, salary increase for military men, public servants and servants in the domestic affairs bodies, which compensate their serving in unfavorable conditions; there is no uniform registration of coefficients and rises in salaries of public servants and servicemen which is necessary for calculating the size of their pensions. The analysis of labor legislation on the matter revealed the contradictions in the payment of public servants, servicemen and workers in the home affairs bodies. The main reason for the contradictions is the absence in Russian legislation of the fundamental statutory act on the regional regulation of labor payments to the employees of the offices and companies situated in such regions, the act that would set up a common (uniform) order for granting guarantees and compensations to an appropriate group of people. Thus, the following conclusion may be drawn: it is necessary that a part of legislatively mandated labor regulations in civil service be passed; a new Federal act of law on the pension provision of the citizens of the RF in public service and their families, common for all types of civil service, be developed and passed.
Modern resources-based economy transformation to knowledge-based innovative type requires originally new administrative decisions at every stage of Russian governance. In recent times various business strategies implementation in public administration practice on federal and local levels have become wide spread: management by objectives, outsourcing, benchmarking, etc. However turbulence with social and economic instability forces researchers to find ways of public administration optimization. My objective therefore is the knowledge management implementation in local government structure.
Nowadays a lot of efforts are being made in Russia to modernize public administration with the help of e-government. However, all reported goals in federal program “E-Russia” have not been achieved. If we make a brief review over the situation in Russia, we will see that nowadays we have controversial issues in the sphere of local government transformation to digital era.
To raise the local government efficiency in Russia knowledge management system for local government was worked out. In terms of public administration knowledge management is a set of processes, practices and ideas, which are collected, stored and reused in order to improve governmental effectiveness, efficiency and transparency and to reduce corruption as well.
Created knowledge management system for Russian local government consists of four main elements:
(1) "The knowledge management concept for local government bodies of the Russian Federation" − a declarative document, fixing main regulations.
(2) "Learning municipalities" − executive and administrative bodies of local government, in which civil (municipal) servants create, disseminate and preserve knowledge.
(3) "Knowledge culture" as the basis of "learning municipality", including "corporate memory", creativity, creation of the necessary conditions and the use of IT (including "e-municipality” construction).
(4) Inter-municipal cooperation, providing the connection between "learning municipalities", exchange of knowledge, best practices and experiences between them.
Implementation of separate elements of knowledge management to local government reveals the following topical matters: lack of technology/web staff, financial resources and technology/web expertise. On the basis of this investigation some profound recommendations were developed for shaping knowledge-based municipalities in Russia.
The article considers the priority role of improving public services through the use of modern tools of lean management. The article specified the basic definitions, types and features of public services, methods and tools of government, characterized by administrative regulations and tasks of regulation and standardization of public services. The attention is focused on the high importance and relevance of the research topic in the Russian and foreign practice. The paper carried out an expert assessment of the use of lean management programs in the public sector and the implementation of public services in different countries. The authors have developed the basic principles, evaluation criteria and the key characteristics of lean management programs for improving public service. Based on a study of foreign programs and projects of lean management to improve public services by author’s highlighted features and key differences with the sphere of production and business. The authors systematized categories of key skills and competencies that determine the success of lean management programs to improve public services. It is proposed to use tools of lean management in the Deming cycle of continuous improvement for the implementation of public services. The authors have developed a table determining wastes in administrative and service processes, the authors proposed an express survey of employees, state employees and clients to create value stream maps, carried out mapping the value stream of the public service. The article emphasizes the need to use tools lean management for improving public services in the Russian practice.
We address the external effects on public sector efficiency measures acquired using Data Envelopment Analysis. We use the health care system in Russian regions in 2011 to evaluate modern approaches to accounting for external effects. We propose a promising method of correcting DEA efficiency measures. Despite the multiple advantages DEA offers, the usage of this approach carries with it a number of methodological difficulties. Accounting for multiple factors of efficiency calls for more complex methods, among which the most promising are DMU clustering and calculating local production possibility frontiers. Using regression models for estimate correction requires further study due to possible systematic errors during estimation. A mixture of data correction and DMU clustering together with multi-stage DEA seems most promising at the moment. Analyzing several stages of transforming society’s resources into social welfare will allow for picking out the weak points in a state agency’s work.