Дополнительное профессиональное обучение на российских предприятиях
An effective system of personnel training is one of the most important factors of companies’ growth and development of the whole economy, especially in times of rapid technological progress. This study is aimed to analyze the factors affecting the companies’ stimulus to invest in the employees` human capital in Russia. Logistic regressions to determine the effects using data from Russian firms in 2011 are used in the study. The study shows that innovative activity of the enterprise, a high proportion of workers with higher education, and an active employment policy has a positive effect on the probability of the availability of training programs in the enterprise.
Оn-the-job training and its economic effiсiency are considered in this article.
The book focuses on the new kinds of conflict that arises in the transition to a market economy. Following an editorial introduction, two chapters develop theories from new empirical research into patterns of conflict and forms of trade unionism in Russian enterprises in the transition period. These are folloed by a detailed case study of the development of an independent trade union in one industrial enterprise, and a chapter which explores changes in the status hierarchy of the industrial enterprise. Two chapters then address the much-neglected issue of gender differentiation in the work place and both chapters question the supposed passivity of Russian women workers. The two final chapters address the issue of conflict and change in the external relations of enterprises through case studies of the process of bancruptcy and of conflict insiders and outsiders. Conflict and Change in the Russian Industrial Enterprise is the second volume in the series Management and Industry in Russia, reporning on the results of a unique programme of research into the restructuring of social relations in Russian industrial production.
The collection of articles by 31 authors, “Geographical Labor Market Imbalances” (edited by Chiara Mussida and Francesco Pastore) belongs to the AIEL Series in Labor Economics published by Springer Verlag and impresses the readers with the broad spectrum of problems examined therein. The book consists of introduction and four parts. The structure of the book is well thought of, the material of each part is smoothly connected to the previous parts. The chapters’ distribution inside each part is well balanced. Attractive features of the book are extended number of applied econometric methods and a variety of empirical data used for the analysis. I studied “Geographical Labor Market Imbalances” with great pleasure and great benefits for myself and would like to recommend it to wider audience, including researchers, students and professors in the areas of labor market, regional economics and comparative economics.
Historically, the northern Russian regions have been an object of a special socio-economic policy, united by extreme climate conditions, geographical isolation and rich natural resources reserves. Northern investment risks in human capital formation are proposed in the paper, as an indicator of investment conditions, which can be employed to improve policy of human development in the northern regions of Russia. Northern investment risks encompass uncertainties associated with extreme northern climate conditions, historically determined allocation of resources in the Russian northern regions and restrictions on labour mobility caused by geographic isolation and administrative rules. Investment risks in human capital, its measurement, methods of estimation are considered. Empirical estimation illustrates higher investment risks in the northern regions. Method of estimation can be employed widely to compare investment conditions in imperfect economies. Policy of insurance of private investment risks and current restrictions on it’s implementation in the northern regions of Russia are discussed.