Экономическая активность людей пожилого возраста в России: вслед за мировым трендом?
канд. экон. наук Е.М. Щеpбакова
С.А.Васин, д-р экон. наук А.Г. Вишневский
канд. экон. наук С.В. Захаров канд. экон. наук Е.И. Иванова канд. экон. наук В.И. Сакевич
д-р геогр. наук, академик РАЕН Б.Б. Пpохоpов
канд. физ.-мат. наук Е.М. Андреев д-р экон. наук А Г. Вишневский
канд. геогр. наук Ж.А. Зайончковская
д-р экон. наук А.Г. Вишневский канд. физ.-мат. наук Е. М. Андреев
д-р экон. наук А.Г. Вишневский
The aging of Russian population leads to inefficiency of Pay-As-You-Go system, where the benefits come solely from government taxation of current workers' wages, and seems to be one of the problems of Russian Pension System. This is the overview of Russian demographic settings compared to other countries from US CIA ranking. Long-run instruments of influencing demography in Russia are stated below.
Smoking is a problem, bringing signifi cant social and economic costs to Russiansociety. However, ratifi cation of the World health organization Framework conventionon tobacco control makes it possible to improve Russian legislation accordingto the international standards. So, I describe some measures that should be taken bythe Russian authorities in the nearest future, and I examine their effi ciency. By studyingthe international evidence I analyze the impact of the smoke-free areas, advertisementand sponsorship bans, tax increases, etc. on the prevalence of smoking, cigaretteconsumption and some other indicators. I also investigate the obstacles confrontingthe Russian authorities when they introduce new policy measures and the public attitudetowards these measures. I conclude that there is a number of easy-to-implementanti-smoking activities that need no fi nancial resources but only a political will.
One of the most important indicators of company's success is the increase of its value. The article investigates traditional methods of company's value assessment and the evidence that the application of these methods is incorrect in the new stage of economy. So it is necessary to create a new method of valuation based on the new main sources of company's success that is its intellectual capital.