Фрейминг и рефрейминг в речевых стратегиях американских политических лидеров
The article focuses upon the main frames created by leading American politicians during the latest presidential campaign to influence the nation. The work aims at the interconnection between mental and language structures in political discourse. The corpus analysis of concepts and frames in Obama and Romney texts according to conceptual metaphor theory of George Lakoff demonstrates that during 2012 presidential campaign Barack Obama successfully applied the basic conceptual metaphor of STATE AS THE NURTURANT PARENT in contrast with the basic metaphor of STATE AS THE STRICT FATHER used by the Republican leader Mitt Romney.
The article focuses on the narrative as a rhetoric strategy and a crucial interdisciplinary phenomenon connecting language, mind, culture and political impact. As a case study Victory speech-2012 and Inaugural speech-2013 by Barack Obama are taken. The examples demonstrate that narrative in the political discourse of Obama goes back to the rhetoric of religious parable. Key words: narrative, parable, conceptual metaphor, rhetoric strategies, political discourse, basic values.
The article is focused on incorporating religious component into social and political spheres of the modern Russian society. The forms and ways of such incorporation are demonstrated on the case of political governance of St. Petersburg.
This book brings together academics and practitioners from a range of disciplines from more than twenty countries to reflect on the growing importance of transparency, power and control in our international community and how these concerns and ideas have been examined, used and interpreted in a range of national and international contexts. Contributors explore these issues from a range of overlapping concerns and perspectives, such as semiotic, sociolinguistic, psychological, philosophical, and visual in diverse socio-political, administrative, institutional, as well as legal contexts.
The collection examines the ways in which 'actors' in our society - legislators, politicians, activists, and artists - have provoked public discourses to confront these issues.
This book presents a systematic study of multivariate wavelet frames with matrix dilation, in particular, orthogonal and bi-orthogonal bases, which are a special case of frames. Further, it provides algorithmic methods for the construction of dual and tight wavelet frames with a desirable approximation order, namely compactly supported wavelet frames, which are commonly required by engineers. It particularly focuses on methods of constructing them. Wavelet bases and frames are actively used in numerous applications such as audio and graphic signal processing, compression and transmission of information. They are especially useful in image recovery from incomplete observed data due to the redundancy of frame systems. The construction of multivariate wavelet frames, especially bases, with desirable properties remains a challenging problem as although a general scheme of construction is well known, its practical implementation in the multidimensional setting is difficult.
Another important feature of wavelet is symmetry. Different kinds of wavelet symmetry are required in various applications, since they preserve linear phase properties and also allow symmetric boundary conditions in wavelet algorithms, which normally deliver better performance. The authors discuss how to provide H-symmetry, where H is an arbitrary symmetry group, for wavelet bases and frames. The book also studies so-called frame-like wavelet systems, which preserve many important properties of frames and can often be used in their place, as well as their approximation properties. The matrix method of computing the regularity of refinable function from the univariate case is extended to multivariate refinement equations with arbitrary dilation matrices. This makes it possible to find the exact values of the Hölder exponent of refinable functions and to make a very refine analysis of their moduli of continuity.
The almost everywhere convergence condition similar to the Menchoff-Rademacher condition is obtained for functional series with some weak analogue of the orthogonality property. As a corollary, results related to almost everywhere convergence of series with respect to Riesz systems, Hilbert and Bessel systems, and frames are obtained.
The so-called Kiev Maidan of 2013-2014 is analyzed herein, the legal description of events occurred was given and the outcomes arising therefrom are described. The delimitation of such Maidans from any social protests of positive nature is made; the causes of crimes committed during riots hidden under political rhetoric are shown. The provocative role of the street opposition in criminal protests is revealed and a set of measures is indicated to prevent any possible loosening of the situation in the Russian context.
We address the external effects on public sector efficiency measures acquired using Data Envelopment Analysis. We use the health care system in Russian regions in 2011 to evaluate modern approaches to accounting for external effects. We propose a promising method of correcting DEA efficiency measures. Despite the multiple advantages DEA offers, the usage of this approach carries with it a number of methodological difficulties. Accounting for multiple factors of efficiency calls for more complex methods, among which the most promising are DMU clustering and calculating local production possibility frontiers. Using regression models for estimate correction requires further study due to possible systematic errors during estimation. A mixture of data correction and DMU clustering together with multi-stage DEA seems most promising at the moment. Analyzing several stages of transforming society’s resources into social welfare will allow for picking out the weak points in a state agency’s work.