Введение в теорию справедливости. Какая теория? Чья справедливость?
The article comprises the analysis of the contemporary theories of justice including the general theoris as well as more specialized, like the just war theory. The article is a comment on the book by A.Prokofyev "To retribute everyone his due...An Introduction to the Theory of Justice". In a nut shell the basic idea of the article corresponds to the thesis that it is false to follow uncritically the letter and spirit of the Western theories of justice, which, contain many contradictions even if these are the best of them, besides, they contain some intuitive and unreflective assumptions. The main goal of the Russian ethical thought regarding the Western theories should imply the ability to see both the contadictions and the assumptions, which would enable it to come up with new normative solutions to the problems of justce.