Социальный контракт как механизм преодоления бедности в России
State programs based on social transfers from higher to lower income groups have been changing the nature of the support given to families. This has entailed moving from the passive help of benefits to more active styles of support that can help households break out of the poverty zone. These more active forms have included drives to increase the labour potential of families and raise their incomes. The target of these policies have been, in the main, families with unemployed members in working age. This program of social transfers has been deployed in a variety of regions throughout Russia from the beginning of this century. This article shows how households failed to become self-supporting in the majority of regions even after implementation of this new social program in 2013. Nonetheless, even though many families were unable to break free of poverty on the first try, efforts in this area did enough to at least reduce their dependence and improve their levels of self-belief and confidence. This implementation of this program has allowed a quarter of all poor households to improve their economic status.